US History II Imperialism

31 terms by melaniesiek 

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Why did the US become a world power in the 1900's

imperial fever

imperial fever

-getting new land, gaining new influences
-to dominate the trade & gov. of other lands

manifest destiny

our god given right to conquered the continent
US has reached sea to sea

imperialists/expansionists

want US to expand
- missionaries
- nationalism - sense of pride
-need to keep up with Europe
-need markets for industrial goods
-ethnocentrism\racism - morally right, democratize &
Christianize the world, "civilize"
-social darwinism - "survival of the fittest"

Isolationists/Anti-Imperialists/anti-expansioinists

-against ideals of democracy, self-determination
-question the idea of leading to rebellion of conquered lands
-cost of building & maintaining empires - very expensive for USA
-ethocentrism'racism- it would "ruin" the white society by taking over other countries and bringing in other races

Seward's Folly

-alaska's nickname
-purchased in 1867
-land was valued at less than 2cents\acre
-now it is a gold mine, rich in fish & animals, oil

Monroe Doctrine

we won't allow people from Europe to come to N. and S.
America

Navy

Alfred T. Mahan - naval officer; he said if we are going to be powerful, we need to invest in navy; need sea power

Queen Liliuokalani

Hawaiian leader wanted to keep Hawaii in hands of Hawaiians

Spanish American War

Cuba revolting against Spain. US attacks when US Maine exploded, US wins

Mad Dog Weyler

General Valeriano Weyler sent to cuba & imprisoned cuban rebels

Wiliam Hearst & Joseph Pulitzer

yellow journelists US reporters that encouraged disruption between Spain and Cuba which got US involved to help Cuba

President McKinley

declared war on Spain in Cuba when US Maine exploded, assassinated after election of 1900

Teller Amendment

declared that US leave control of Cuba to its people

Ted Roosevelt

youngest president , passionate, hight energy, assertive,
"speak softly and carry a big stick", powerful military,
Big Stick Diplomacy

Emilio Aguinaldo

Helped US fight for Philipines iindependence

Splendid Little War

Ted Roosevelt set US army to Cuba and won
US annexed philipines

Pro-annexation

economic & strategic value
patriotism
Christianize

Anti-annexation

against principles of Declaration of Independence
Too far away
Burden

Aguinaldo

Filiipino that rebelled US power in Philipines
Philipines gained independence 1946

protectorate

nation controlled by a stronger nation

Platt Ammendment

lasted 33 years, Cuba was not allowed to sign its own treaties, allowed US to lease naval bases, US could intervene in Cuban 'Independence"

Panama Canal

US paid $10,000 for canal plus $250,000 per year after panama revolted against Colombia

Monroe Doctrine

kept Europe out of US

Dollar diplomacy

changed how we control power in Latin America as to how to spend money

spheres of influence

area where another nation controlled development

Open Door Policy

US didn't want territoryo, but wanted trade. Leave China open to all foreign trade, supported by John Hay, Sec. of State

Boxer Rebellion

group of chinese that revolted against foreign control

Russo-Japanese War

fighting over territory in Asia

Treaty of Portsmouth

TR Agreed to broker the peace to protect US interests and open door policy. Compromise between Russia & Japan

Great White Fleet

TR feared he had been too soft on Japan. Sent out Great White Fleet (navy), ready for Feast, Frolic or fight, Japan welcomed the fleet

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