Sociology Exam 3 [part 2; ch 6]

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42-end

Karl Marx

An approach to racism which emphasizes that racism keeps minorities in low-paying jobs, thereby supplying the capitalist ruling class with a pool of cheap labor, is based on the work of: ________________

exploitation

A sociologist argues that the capitalist ruling class is willing to tolerate high rates of illegal immigration because these immigrants serve as a pool of cheap labor.

This sociologist is most likely to draw upon _______________ theory.

exploitation

Japanese Americans were the object of little prejudice until they began to enter jobs that brought them into competition with Whites. This example supports the _____________ theory.

exploitation

______________ theory is useful for discussing the experiences of both Japanese Americans and Chinese Americans in the United States

racial profiling

The practice of assuming that people who fit certain descriptions are likely to be engaged in illegal activities is referred to as __________________.

authority

Acts of racial profiling are always initiated by a(n) ___________________ based on race, ethnicity, etc.

contact

The _____________ hypothesis supports the idea that interracial dealings among people with equal statuses, in cooperative circumstances, cause them to become less prejudiced and to abandon previously held stereotypes.

equal status

The "contact hypothesis" occurs only if interracial people who work together have ____________

Wilson (William Julius Wilson)

What sociologist suggested that interracial coalitions (contact hypothesis) would most likely reduce racial and ethnic stereotyping and prejudice?

prejudice

_____________ - a term used to refer to a negative attitude toward an entire category of people.

ethnocentrism

_______________ - tendency to assume that one's culture or way of life represents the norm or is superior to others

racism

____________ - belief that one race is supreme and all others are inferior

discrimination

_______________ - The process of denying opportunities and equal rights to individuals & groups because of prejudice or for other arbitrary reasons

racism

When ____________ prevails in a society, members of subordinate groups generally experience
prejudice,
discrimination,
and exploitation.

attitude; behavior

Prejudice is a(n) _________________; discrimination is a(n) _______________.

institutional

__________________ discrimination is the denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals or groups that results from the normal operations of society

1964 Civil Rights Act

The landmark ___________________ prohibits discrimination in public accommodations and publicly owned facilities on the basis of
a. race, color
b. creed
c. national origin & gender

Pager (Devah Pager)

Research suggesting that White ex-convicts are more employable than Blacks without criminal records was done by sociologist __________________.

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