Global History 10: East Asia Post WWII History

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destroy militarism, create a democratic society

What were the two US goals in Japan after WWII?

General Douglas MacArthur

What US general oversaw the occupation and restructuring of Japan?

Japanese Parliament created by the US

What was the Diet and who created it?

made it only a small defensive army

What did the US do to Japan's army?

put them on trial

What did the US do to Japanese military leaders from WWII?

civil rights

What did the US help grant to Japan after WWII?

ceremonial only

What power did the emperor have or not have after WWII when the US helped restructure?

prime minister and the Diet

What two figures had power in Japan now?

democratic ideas taught

What changed in Japanese education?

they were freed from Japanese control

What happened to overseas territories when America occupied Japan?

huge increase in gross domestic product

Why was Japan considered an economic miracle?

exporting their goods

What did the Japanese's successful economy mostly depend on?

successful post WWII industrialization, educated and skilled work force, money available for investment, and restrictions on imports

List four reasons why Japan had a successful economic recovery

Chinese Communist Party

What is the CCP?

Guomindang

What's another name for the CCP?

Chiang Kai-Shek and the Nationalists

Who did the CCP defeat to take control of China in 1949?

Mao Zedong

Who was the Chinese Communist leader?

Communist guidebook, contained quotes from Mao

What was the "Little Red Book" and what did it contain?

Great Leap Forward

What was the big surge for industrialization?

peasants lived and worked on group farms

What are communes?

how to have a revolution

What did the Cultural Revolution teach children?

Mao Zedong

Who led the Cultural Revolution?

Red Guards

Who had to restore order during the Cultural Revolution?

turn their parents in

What did children do during the Cultural Revolution?

rid capitalism, bring in communism

What was the Cultural Revolution trying to push out and bring in?

Jiang Qing and her supporters

Who was in the Gang of Four?

seize control of China

What did the Gang of Four try to do after Mao Zedong died?

Jiang Qing

Who was Mao Zedong's widow?

one who lives with private ownership

What is a capitalist? (in terms of ownership)

Deng Xiaoping

Who was Mao's successor?

capitalism

Was Deng Xiaoping for communism or capitalism?

science, industry, agriculture, defense

What were the four modernizations? (the four areas)

modernize them

What was Deng trying to do in the four modernizations to science, industry, agriculture, and Japan's defense?

got land but they had to pay a certain amount to government then the rest was profit

What did families do in the Responsibilty System?

Special Economic Zone

What is an SEZ? *define

foreign enterprises could operate with tax breaks

What could the Chinese do in the SEZ's?

Communism vs Confucianism

What is the conflict in modern China?

communism says everyone is equal, confucianism says man is head of household

What's the problem with communism and confucianism?

1.5 billion people

What population pressure (amount) does China face today?

Tianamen Square Massacre

What was it called when college students were forcefully attacked by the Chinese government for routing for democratic changes?

US says its independent, China says it's theirs

Why is Taiwan a source of conflict between the US and China?

US and USSR

Who agreed that Korea should be independent after WWII and sent troops to occupy the peninsula? (two nations)

USSR

Who occupied north of the 38th parallel of Korea?

US

Who occupied south of the 38th parallel of Korea?

North Korea

Which part of Korea never had elections held?

North Korea invaded South Korea

Who invaded who to begin the Korean War?

no real winner

What is a stalemate?

stalemate

What was declared at the end of the Korean War?

agreement to stop fighting and yes

What is an armistice and did one get signed after the Korean War?

neutral area between North and South Korea

What is a DMZ?

Dimilitarized zone

What does DMZ stand for?

place where the cold war was broken out

What is a hot spot?

Can develop nuclear technology

Why is North Korea a threat to us?

they can hit South Korea, our ally

If North Korea can't hit us with their nuclear technology, why are we worried?

country who industrialized quickly after WWII?

What is an Asian Tiger?

Korea, Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan

Who are the four Asian Tigers?

self reliance

What is juche?

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