Who was the 7th President?
What was valuable about/in the West?
Gold, silver, natural resources, furs, religious freedom, land, opportunity for a new life
Who won the Battle of the Alamo?
Mexicans won the battle for the mission when they killed all of the Texans inside
Why did the Mexican American War occur?
border between Mexico and U.S. was in dispute, and both wanted land in Southwest
What was the Treaty of Fort Laramie?
U.S. and Native Americans recognized Indian claims to land and allowed settlers to travel across land
What was the Chisholm Trail?
earliest and most popular route for cattle drives
What did the Homestead and Morrill Act do?
encouraged buying of small farms and established agricultural colleges
regions and their economies
North-trade and manufacturing rely on immigrants
South-farming/cotton-relied on slavery
What was the Oregon Trail?
2000 mile trail from Independence MO to OR and CA
Bear Flag Revolt?
uprising in CA that led to it being claimed by U.S. and the creation of its flag
messengers on horses carrying mail
National Grange or Grangers
organization for farmers
Calhoun and Southerners protested the "Tariff of Abominations" and threatened to leave the Union
Santa Fe Trail
Trail from Independence MO to Santa Fe NM
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo?
U.S. and Mexico signed this to end the war between then, U.S. gets CA, WY, CO, UT, NM, AZ, NV
and addition additional purchase of land from Mexico which meant that at the end of Mexican war the U.S. had increased by 25% gaining 500,000 sq. miles
Battle of San Jacinto
Texans defeated the Mexicans, gaining their independence
Andrew Jackson was opposed to the national bank and its leader Biddle and got rid of it saying it had gave too much power to the wealthy
What political party was Andrew Jackson in?
What did Calhoun protest and why?
Tariff of Abominations
belief that Americans were destined to take over all land in what is now the U.S. and spread democracy and Christianity
Land gained as a result of Manifest Destiny?
1. border with Canada-OR territory
3. Mexican American War States
After Texas Revolution what happened?
TX remained and eventually became a state
Why did people oppose TX becoming a state?
wanted to avoid slavery controversy and stay peaceful with Mexico
Mexican American War-why?
war takes place b/c of border conflicts between Mexico and the U.S.
Conflicts with Native Americans-why?
access to land and U.S. wanted private ownership of land
Why are the 49ers named the 49ers?
people who were coming to look for gold in 1849 were called the 49ers-our team is named for them
What are Indian reservations?
areas of federal land set aside for Native Americans
created to connect the U.S.-trade, transportation, communication, increase settlement of the West, it was completed in Utah joining the East and West coasts
Andrew Jackson gave cabinet positions to his less qualified supporters instead of people who were qualified
the belief that a state could decide if a federal law is constitutional and whether or not to follow it
Panic of 1837
severe economic depression starting in Jackson's presidency and continuing into Van Buren's presidency
Indian Removal Act
Jackson got Congress to pass a law requiring 4 Indian tribes to be moved from land East of the Mississippi River to land West of the Mississippi
Trail of Tears
U.S. forcibly removed Cherokee Indians, the route they took, 1/4 of them died
Worchester v. Georgia
Cherokee Indians sued Georgia to stop their forced removal and relocation. The Cherokee won in the Supreme Court, Jackson ignored the Supreme Court and ordered their forced removal.
Dawes Act of 1887
law that made property ownership private instead of public and forced Native Americans to give up land
a belief in more rights for people and limits to big business and monopolies
Trancontinental Railroad - Effects?
better transportation, trade, communication
Tariff of Abominations
taxes on imported goods to try to get people to buy American products and raise money for the gov. Southerners were very dependent on trade and therefore opposed it. New Englanders were for it as was Jackson.
Did Jackson increase or decrease the power of the president?
Jackson increased the power of the president.
the route Mormons took to Salt Lake City Utah for religious freedom and opportunity
Difficulties faced as people moved west?
lack of food & water, disease, attacks etc.
Issue of slavery important in new states?
All states admitted to the Union came in as slave or free states. This was constantly an issue.
Battle of Little Big Horn
Native Americans defeated/killed General Custer's troops
Massacre at Wounded Knee
in retaliation for Indian attacks, U.S. troops killed Native Americans.