Medieval period, spanned the years from 500-1500
Religious communities, where chrisitan men called monks gave up their possesions and devoted their life to God.
Importance of monastaries: education and ____________ roman/greek learning.
Impact of Pope Gregory: church more of a _______ in politics.
Franks' first christian king
Extended Franks' reign, defeated Muslims in the Battle of Tours
Allied with the Pope
First Frankish king to reunite western europe since the fall of rome.
More than you need
What did growth of trade and surplus lead to?
The growth of cities lead to the growth of ______.
The growth of surplus lead to the growth of ______.
T or F? Record keeping was an elemant of civilization.
T or F? Complex Institutions were elements of civilization.
Who's goal was it to build a christian empire and make saxony christian?
Charlemagne's method: obey or be ________.
Charlemagne was described as this because his goal was holy, but his methods were barbaric.
Code knights had to follow. Early law/customs.
stirrups and saddles
What two things were the cause of advances in technology that allowed knights to keep themselves on the horse and allowed them to carry heavier weapons?
Knights got their weapons from the money they made off of their ______.
Mock battles the were combined recreation and combat training.
Literature ________ the knights.
Traveling poet-muscians at the castles courts of Europe.
Most women were _____________.
Ceremony where knights and nobles appointed church officals.
innovation and response
This is where something new is created but is later replaced by something better and more modern.
What was the longbow replaced by?
Cruel, inhuman, or degrating practices (such as use of some horrifying machines and contraptions) to get information out of people.
Hollow bronze bull were a person was put inside and roasted alive.
Purpose of this form of torture was make a persons death as horrific and public as possible for an example to the public: don't defy authority.
Face of the inquisition
workhouse of the inquisition
Rack where they would stretch you out and pull your limbs from their sockets.
Also known as the BLACK DEATH, this disease wiped out 1/3 of Europe's population.
superstition and ignorance
Basis of medieval science.
The plague spread on merchant ships by ______.
Due to the garbage and poor sanitation, there were lots of _______.
Because of the plague, the _________ lost influence because they fled.
Fraction of people killed during the bubonic plague
The plague spread by rats and _______.
Number of Popes at once during the great Schism.
Wycliffe said ________ was the true leader of the church.
Wycliffe said that the ______ alone (not the pope) had the final authority.
Jan Hus said the ________ was higher than the ________.
Who did people turn to for protection?
land and loyalty
What two things did the feudal system depend on?
landowner who granted land to a vassal
granted land by a lord to a vassal
Person receiving granted land, and pledged loyalty in exchange.
Mounted horsemen who pledged to defend their lords' lands in exchange for fiefs.
Church tax, 1/10 of serfs income went into this.
People who couldn't lawfully leave the place they were born, they were bound to land.
Life expectancy of a peasant.
a political and economic system based on land ownership and personal loyalty.
main contacts from the church to the people.
banishment from the church
banning of church services in a king's land
Otto the Great
Who created the Holy Roman Empire?
Concordat of Worms
Church alone could appoint a bishop, emperor could veto appointment.
Battle of Legano
This is the battle where the knights were first defeated by foot soldiers.
Bishops sold positions in church
Y or N? The Crusades were worth it?
organization of individuals in the same business.
Knight that defeated the dragon
Battle of Hastings
Which battle claimed england for William the Conqueror?
Law all people were under in Europe
Which document limited the kings power?
King Edward I created _________?
Who was William the Conqueror's enemy?