the process of map making
The linkages/relationships between one location and another (i.e. economic, language, military, migrants)
the interactions and relationships between a culture and the natural environment
the visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape The buildings and artifacts imprinted on the landscape by the activities of various human occupants. AKA - Built environment
the learned way of life of a particular group of people. Includes language, religion, food values.
the frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area
The total number of people divided by the total land area.
The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture.
The number of people per unit of land area suitable for agriculture.
The movement or spread of any characteristic, i.e. people, religious belief, goods, political ideas
An idea, innovation, etc. that is transmitted over space because people who carry it are geographically close to each other, spreads due to contact from person to person (esp. disease, spreading of a rumor)
an innovation or idea develops in a hearth and remains strong there while also spreading outward in a snowballing pattern
The transmission of a phenomenon from key economic, political or social figures/places who spread it to larger influential places/people first and then to to smaller less important places/people. The phenomenon leapfrogs, jumping over geographic space in between.
Occurs when people physically move from one place to another, taking their cultural traits with them and then disseminating them.
The effects of distance on interaction between people or places, generally the greater the distance the less interaction.
The arrangement of something across Earth's surface. i.e. population, urban areas, rainforests
This approach was popular in the 19th and 20th centuries; belief that the physical environment causes/controls human activities
0 degrees lattitude
Geographic Information System (GIS)
A family of software programs that allows geographers to map, analyze, and model spatial data. Each thematic layer has an identical area map displaying a different feature. i.e. roads, homes, schools, parks, lakes These layers show relationships between the features chosen by the user
Global Positioning System (GPS)
a set of satellites used to help determine absolute location anywhere on the earth's surface with a portable electronic device
a set of processes that are increasing interactions, deepening relationships, and heightening interdependence (political, economic, cultural, and/or environmental) without regard to country borders
the region from which innovative ideas originate
International Date Line
180 degrees longitude
Main one is the equator. Measures degrees north and south of the equator. Drawn west to east.
Main one it the prime meridian. Measures degrees west and east of the prime meridian. Drawn north to south.
A true conformal cylindrical map projection that is particularly useful for navigation because it maintains accurate direction. Famous for it's distortion in area that makes landmasses at the poles appear oversized. Lattitude and longitude lines are parallel.
Location or region defined by it's unique set of human and physical characteristics.
The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives..
0° longitude, which passes through Greenwich, England.
A mathematical method that involves transferring the earth's sphere to a flat surface. Involves, distortion of shape size, distance, and/or direction.
an area that shares a similar characteristic(s).
formal (uniform) region
area within which everyone shares in common one or mare distinctive characteristics. i.e. physical (climate, landform), cultural (language, government type)
functional (nodal) region
A specific type of area that has strong connection between a central point and the surrounding area, esp. economic trade area, transportation hub,political influence/ social ideas.
vernacular region (perceptual region)
A specific type of area that exists in the minds of people. Mental maps. Boundaries are fuzzy based on more vague cultural and physical features or an individual's experiences with that space which may differ from someone's experiences.
The acquisition of data (photograph, thermal or radar images) about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or other long-distance methods, such as a plane.
This map does not have accurate area, shape, direction, or distance but minimizes distortion of each. Commonly used.
Two types: map and geographic. Map is ratio between distance on a map to the actual distance on earth's surface. Geographic is the conceptual hierarchy of spaces - from local, national, regional and global
the idea that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape
the internal physical and human features of a place independent of the places relationship to other places around it.
The relative location of a place in relation to the physical and cultural characteristics of the surrounding area.
an area of the earth's surface
The perception that actual distance between two places is shrinking as transportation and communication technology improves and enables increased interaction between those places.
How geographers look at the earth in terms of distribution of places and their connections to other places. They look at geographic distribution and ask "Why?" "How are they related?"
the spread of an underlying principal even though a specific characteristic is rejected. When a trait of one culture prompts invention or innovation in another.
24 of them, every 15 degrees of longitude is one of these. Prime meridian and Greenwich Mean Time is the baseline.
The increasing gap in economic conditions between core and peripheral regions as a result of the globalization of the economy.
The spread of something over a given area. i.e. close together equals clustered and far apart equals dispersed.