In 1851 due to US government pressur, the Sioux sold 35 million acres of land. They moved to a small reservation along the MN river. Todays South Dakota boarder
Military word for Chaplin
The most violent battle of the American Civil War and is frequently cited as the war's turning point, fought from July 1 - July 3, 1863.
Bishop John Ireland
irish immigrant; progressive on education, immigration, church/state; conservative on drinking, political corruption. He was the 3rd bishop and the 1st archbishop of St. Paul, MN.
Leaving your home country
Coming to a new country
first mn regiment
the civil war begins in 1861. Governor Alexander Ramsey goes to Washington to offer President Lincoln 1,000 MN man regiment to fight in the war. This becomes the first MN regiment. Fort Snelling was used to train the first regiment troops, it was a three year enlistment, they fought in many battles one that is famous is Battles of Bull Run and their famous charge at Gettysburg "saved the day." 635 killed in action.
The first governor of Minnesota Territory, eliminator of the Dakota from Minnesota, and 2nd state governor. He offered the 1000 troops to the abraham lincoln
1860 Presidential Election
election where slavery was the central issue, Abraham Lincoln (Republican) won won 40% of popular vote, but won a large majority of electoral votes. Lincoln's victory leads the south to secede. Mn's first time voting.
known as iron-ore pioneers in the Mesabi Range and the creation of what is now known as Mountain Iron
Cut Hair Indians
Indians who had adapted a European lifestyle and who had been friendly to the whites
Military general condemned 305 Sioux warriors for their roles in the Dakota Sioux war. Conducted unfair trials
Abraham Lincoln had to pass the death sentence of the 305 Sioux warriors that Henry Sibley condemned. He narrowed it down to 38. Largest hanging in Mn
battle september 23rd 1862. proved to the Sioux warriors that the locusts had come and the gateway into st. paul was impossible. End of Dakota Sioux war
Post Railroad economy
Specialized agriculture. cash crop can be hauled long distances to market by railroad. Cash economy. Grain Elevators and flour mills multiply. Telegraph for instant ordering and messaging
Retain Indian religion, hunters, and gatherers. Nomadic, communal ownership of property. live in tents.
"High Ball" logging
Large scale firms
Some year round
Pre railroad Economy
Logs transport down the river. One of these being cork pine. Pioneer Farming. Self sufficiency. Little specialization, little competition, slow transportation, slow to innovate.
White pine that floats on rivers
Mn mainly butter state. Farmers specialize in dairy after 1880. Technology seperates milk and cream. Dairy farmers get monthly milk check. Farmers control processing and marketing. Conservative Republican
Le Sueur was the 1st place he stayed as Dr. in MN. When hear Dakota attacked New Ulm, he set up a hospital. Moved to Rochester as a surgen for MN 1st congresional District during Civil War. Investigated for examining patients after hours. Later beame a private practice
Dakota Sioux Leader
Conditions in the home country that motivate people to leave it. ex: overpopulation, small farm size, a military draft, a state church.
Conditions in a country that cause people to choose it as their destination. Ex: free or cheap land, religious freedom, plaentiful high wage jobs in the U.S.
People from a small area in the home country migrate to American, and settle in a small area of MN; Then, as land is all taken up in that mall area, this mother colony sends out its young people to another area (a daughter colony) Where they can buy land, start families, and start a new town
Who a young peron of one ethnic group is supposed to marry and who they are strongly discouraged from marrying.
monumental battle during Dakota War - most deadly battle for US. September 2, 1862
a Swedish American politician who emigrated from Sweden to North America in 1851 and settled in Minnesota. He served with distinction as a colonel in the American Civil War (1861-65) and in 1869 became Minnesota's Secretary of State.
St. Paul and Pacific Railroad
a shortline railroad in the state of Minnesota in the United States which existed from 1857 to 1879. Founded as the Minnesota and Pacific Railroad, it was the state's first active railroad.
Northern Pacific Railroad
a railway that operated in the west along the Canadian border of the United States
Thomas J Galbraith
He served the 18th district in the Minnesota State Senate in 1861. he was involved in a confrontation between some Dakota tribesmen, U.S. troops, and local traders.
vast deposit of iron ore and the largest of four major iron ranges in the region collectively known as the Iron Range of Minnesota. Discovered in 1866, it is the chief deposit of iron ore in the United States.