in formal speech and writing, avoid using kind of or sort of to mean __________
agreement errors often occur when kind of and sort of are combined with the plural adjectives ______ and _______
kind, sort, and type should be followed by __ but not by __
use kind of, sort of, or type of only when the word kind, sort, or type is
later or latter: refers to time
later or latter: refers to the second-named of two items
lay or lie: "put" or "place" and takes a direct object
lay or lie: We could ___ the tablecloth in the sun.
lay, laid, laid
three main forms of lay
lay or lie: "recline" or "be situated"
lay or lie: I ____ awake at night.
lay or lie: The town ____ east of the river.
lie, lay, lain
three main forms of lie
leave and let are interchangeable only when followed by
leave or let: "depart"
leave or let: "allow"
leave and let: Julia would not ____ Susan ____.
like, preposition, as, as if
In formal speech and writing, ______ should not introduce a full clause (with a subject and a verb) because it is a _____________; the preferred choice is ____ or ___ ___
as or like: suggests that the subject is equivalent or identical to the description
as or like: suggests resemblance but not identity
as or like: She was hired ____ an engineer.
as or like: People ____ her do well in such jobs.
like or such as: precedes an example that represents a larger subject
like or such as: indicates that two subjects are comparable
like or such as: Steve has recordings of many great saxophones ______ Ben Webster and Lee Konitz.
like or such as: Steve wants to be a great jazz saxophonist ______ Ben Webster and Lee Konitz.
many writers prefer to keep such and as _________
means "actually" or "just as the words say;" should not be used to qualify or intensify expressions whose words are not to be taken at face value
lose or loose: "mislay"
lose or loose: Did you ______ a brown glove?
lose or loose: "unrestrained" or "not tight;" can function as a verb meaning "let _____"
lose or loose: Ann's canary got _______.
lose or loose: They ______ the dogs as soon as they spot the bear.
lots, lots of
two colloquial substitutes for very many, a great many, or much; avoid them in college or business writing; when you use either one informally, be careful to maintain subject-verb agreement
may be or maybe: a verb
may be or maybe: adjective meaning "perhaps"
may be or maybe: Tuesday _______ a legal holiday.
may be or maybe: ________ we won't have classes.
plural of medium and takes a plural verb; the singular verb is common, but most careful writers still use the plural verb
moral or morale: "ethical conclusion" or "lesson"
moral or morale: The _________ of the story escapes me.
moral or morale: "spirit" or "state of mind"
moral or morale: Victory improved the time's _________.
The -______ pronouns refer to or intensify another word or words; often used colloquially in place of personal pronouns, but that use should be avoided in formal speech and writing
nonstandard for in no way or in any way
nothing like, nowhere near
two colloquial substitutes for not nearly that are best avoided in formal speech and writing
nonstandard for nowhere
In the phrase "off of" this word is unnecessary
OK, O.K., okay
all three spellings of this affirmative word are acceptable, but avoid this colloquial term in modern speech and writing
in modern English, usually just a stuffy way of saying on; unless you need a formal effect, just use on
on account of
wordy for because of
on the other hand
this transitional expression of contrast should be preceded by its mate, on the one hand; however, the two combined can be unwieldy and a simple but, however, yet, or in contrast often suffices
owing to the fact that
wordy for because
people or persons: in formal usage, refers to a general group; use over the other option when emphasizing individuals
people or persons: We the _________ of the United States....
people or persons: refers to a collection of individuals
people or persons: Will the person or __________ who saw the accident please notify the police.
except in technical writing, an English equivalent (like an, by, or in) is preferable to this Latin word
Two terms that refer to fractions of one hundred
percent or percentage: always follows a numeral and the word should be used instead of the symbol in general writing
percent or percentage: stands allow or follows an adjective
plural of phenomenon
"perceivable fact" or "unusual occurrence"
a colloquial substitute for very
standard as a preposition meaning in addition to; colloquial as a conjunctive adverb
Use plus? His income _____ mine is sufficient
Use plus? Our organization is larger than theirs; _____ we have more money.
practicable or practical: "capable of being put into practice"
practicable or practical: "useful" or "sensible"
practicable and practical: We figured out a __________ new design for our kitchen, but is was too expensive to be ___________.
precede or proceed: "come before"
precede or proceed: My name __________ yours in the alphabet.
precede or proceed: "move on"
precede or proceed: We were told to _________ to the waiting room.
prejudice or prejudiced: a noun
prejudice or prejudiced: an adjective
prejudice or prejudiced: I knew that my parents were ___________.
do not drop the -__ from prejudiced
overworked as an adverb meaning "rather" or "somewhat"
previous to, prior to
two phrases that are wordy for before
principal or principle: adjective meaning "foremost" or "major," a noun meaning "chief official," or in finance, a noun meaning "capital sum"
principal or principle: a noun only, meaning "rule" or "axiom"
principal and principle: Her __________ reason for confessing were her _________ of right and wrong
provided or providing: may serve as a subordinating conjunction meaning "on the condition (that)"
provided or providing: may not serve as a subordinating conjunction meaning "on the condition (that)"
provided or providing: The grocer will begin _________ food for the soup kitchen ____________ we find a suitable space.
question of whether, question as to whether
Two wordy substitutes for whether
raise or rise: "lift" or "bring up" and takes a direct object
raise or rise: The Kirks ______ cattle.
raise, raised, raised
three main forms of raise
raise or rise: "get up" and does not take an object
raise or rise: They must ______ at dawn.
rise, rose, risen
three main forms of rise
real or really: in formal speech and writing, should not be used as an adverb; an adjective
real or really: the adverb
real or really: Popular reaction to the announcement was ________ enthusiastic.
reason is because
although colloquially common, this expression should be avoided in formal speech and writing
use this word after the words "reason is"
on, about, concerning
regarding, in regard to, with regard to, relating to, relative to, with respect to, respecting are all stuffy substitutes for ___, _______, or ___________
respectful or respective: means "full of (or showing) respect"
respectful or respective: Be ____________ of other people
respectful or respective: "separate"
respectful or respective: The French and the Germans occupied their ____________ trenches.
sensual or sensuous: suggests sexuality
sensual or sensuous: means "pleasing to the senses"
sensual and sensuous: Stirred by the _________ scent of meadow grass and flowers, Cheryl and Paul found their thoughts growing increasingly _________.