African American Literature Exam

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T/F Sojourner Truth's speech indicates that she has some knowledge of Biblical principles.

Truth

T/F According to the Anti-Slavery Bugle Reporter's version, Truth directs this speech to an abolitionist group, where she was an invited speaker.

Truth

T/F Truth was described as a petite, but powerful woman.

False

Which language was Sojourner Truth's first language?

Dutch

What was Truth's original name?

Isabella

David Walker was born a slave

False

Walker's Appeal was modeled after what U.S. document?

The Constitution

Describe the structural similarities between the Constitution and Walker's Appeal

They both have a preamble

Walker's tone may be described as

Speech like-Sermon Like

Explain the full tittle of the Narrative "Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave Written by Himself"

The title informs readers that this is a "Fugitive Slave Narrative w/ NO ghost writers. It was written completely by Douglass.

Who were the two authenticators of Douglass's Narrative?

William Lloyd Garrison & Wendall Phillips

T/F Douglass was first separated from his mother when he was only 2 years old

False

What was the title of the book which Douglass used to learn to read?

"The Colombian Orator"

Name two other ways Douglass learned to read.

Help from Ms. Auld and help from the boys in the street whom he persuaded/traded bread.

What trade did Douglass learn in Baltimore

Caulker/Calker (waterproofed ships)

Literary device commonly used in Douglass's writing? Ex: "The children were then called like so many pigs and like so many pigs they would come and devour the mush"

Similies

A figure of speech in which a word or a phrase is applied to an object or action w/o using "like" or "as"

Metaphor

The use of symbols to represent ideals or qualities.

Symbolism

The occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.

Alliteration

A distinction in traditional systems for analyzing systems.

Figure of speech

The expression of ones meaning using language that normally signifies the opposite.

Irony

Giving human characteristics to something not human

Personification

A group of lines forming the basic recurring metrical unit in a poem

Stanza

Visually descriptive language

Imagery

An expression designed to call something to mind w/o mentioning it explicitly

Allusion

A figure of speech in which one compares one thing to something of another kind.

Simile

Assembled listeners of a public event

Audience

Overall quality of a musical or vocal sound

Tone

Lives in Boston and came on slave ship at 7 years old. Ships name, Phillis

Phyllis Wheatly

Wheatley's Origin:

Gambia, West Africa

Phyllis Wheatley was purchased by John Wheatley for his wife

Susanna Wheatley

Phyllis Wheatley's tutored by

John Wheatley's daughter.

Wheatley needed ______ to get one of her earliest poems published in England

Authenticating Documents

"Uniforms resemble autumn leaves"

Wheatley: use of imagery.

Thought of Wheatley as unimaginative

Thomas Jefferson

Defender of Wheatley's work

Gilbert Imlay

Writes a letter to Jefferson refuting Wheatley's inferiority

Banniker

Wheatley's type of poetry

Neoclassical

Olaudha Equiano's nationality

Ibo/Nigerian

Equiano's primary audience

The British to prove literacy of enslaved and argue for abolition of slavery.

Trade between African's and Europeans consisted of

Slaves and guns

"Beauty is holy"

Equiano lighter skin people not as beautiful as dark skin people

Equiano believed in monotheism

Belief in 1 god

"You are loosed from your moorings"

Equiano comparing himself to the ship. Ship personified. It can move freely but he can't.

To show, indicate or suggest in advance

Foreshadowing

Douglass born in

Tucaho Talbot County Maryland.

Douglass relationship with his mother was:
Witness floggings of his aunt:

Strained;
Hester

Douglass' opinion of Ms. Auld

A "kind hearted woman" who treated him as a "human being"

Ms. Auld is described as changing from

lamblike-tigerlike

When working Douglas had a stroke in the field. The master began kicking him. He describes being treated

"Like an animal" uses a lot of animalistic descriptions

Douglas gets into a fight with

Mr. Covey

Makes Ms. Auld stop teaching Douglas

Mr. Auld

"This was the turning moment in my life"

Douglass reaction to fight with Mr. Covey. Gave him the determination to be free.

"Incidents in the life of a slave girl." written by

Harriet Jacobs

Harriet Jacobs birthplace

Edenton, North Carolina

While in Philadelphia, Jacobs meets

Bishop Paine, advises her to publish "Incidents in the life of a slave girl"

Harriet unaware she was a slave until the age.

6

Harriets story proved to be true by

Logan Yellin

When Jacobs speaks of sexual harassment from the slave holder

Jacobs is violating "purity"

Jacob symbolizes the

"outraged mother"

Muse whom Wheatley invokes in, "An Hymn to the Morning"

Calliope

"Tragic mulatto alleged to be the daughter of Thomas Jefferson" novel written by

William Wells Brown.

Thomas Jeffersons mulatto daughter

Clotel

Slave Thomas Jefferson had kids with

Salley Hemings

White men went to ______ to pick which women they desired

Negro Balls

Clotel's husband

Horatio Green

Clotel and her daughter Mary become separated and Horiatio marry's white woman to claim

Political power

Becomes her father's servant

Mary

3 Artistic Appeals

Ethos, Pathos, Logos

Relies on writers' or speakers credibility

Ethos

Appeals to audiences emotions

Pathos

Appeals to intellect or reason

Logos

Places heavy emphasis on speaking, higher value on oral culture.

African American Oral tradition

Black Jeremiad

Tradition in black political and religious speech
David Walker
Maria Stewart
Nat Turner

Walker's tone described as

Militant, Fiery, Aggressive, Passionate, Fearless, Courageous, Bold

Inductive:
Deductive:

Leads into main point
Main Point (direct)

Sojourner Truth's 1st language

Dutch

Truth 1st recorded in 1851 by

anti-slavery beugler

Truth known as an _______ preacher

itinerant preacher

Narrative of Sojourner Truth as told to (reported speech)

Frances Gage

Equiano's other name

Gustavus Vassa

Female Orator, Essayist, Journalist, Feminist, Writer, Novelist, Abolitionist, and Poet

Frances Harper

Orphaned by age 3, shaped by uncle William Watkins, influenced by religious affiliation.

Harper

Haper's politics influenced by:

William Still

1854 New Bedford, Mass.

Harper's 1st lecture

Criticisms of Harper

Racial and gender identity
Public speaking for women frowned upon
Racially harassed

Maria Stewarts tone

passionate, aggressive, fearless

Maria Stewart speaks out against

servitude

1972 Equiano travels where?

Travels to England & Ireland to promote his book.

Ladies and servants told Equiano he couldn't go to heaven unless he was _______

baptized.

Herbert Martin speaks about

Harlem Renassiance, African American Oral tradition. Langston Hughes making advances in black tradition.

Threatens whites saying poor treatment of blacks now will result in their poor treatment in heaven.

Black Jeremiad

William Wells Brown

Considered the 1st African American Novelist

Never been slaves

Stewart, Walker, Harper

ppl that were slaves were

Harriet Jacobs, Clotel, Truth, Douglas,

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