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ch 19-urinary system Test

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. proximal convoluted tubule
  2. respiratory alkalosis
  3. metabolic acidosis
  4. loop of henle
  5. chronic renal failure
  1. a slow, progressive loss of nephrons caused by a variety of underlying diseases
  2. b 1st segment, nearest to the bowman's capsule
  3. c deficit of carbonic acid, caused by increased respiratory rate, hyperventilation w/anxiety
  4. d deficit of sodium bicarbonate, untreated diabetes leading to ketoacidosis
  5. e extension of proximal tubule, consists of descending limb, loop and ascending limb

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. cup shaped top of nephron, surrounds glomerulus
  2. happens in renal corpuscle, b/p is high enough to force h20 & wastes thru
  3. inflammation of the renal pelvis & connective tissue of the kidney
  4. 2nd step of urine formation, takes place in renal tubule
  5. long, narrow tubes w/ expanded upper end, inside kidney, lined w/ mucous membrane & muscular layer

5 True/False Questions

  1. function of uretersdrain urine from renal pelvis to urinary bladder

          

  2. 2 major fluid compartmentsintracellular fluid, extracellular fluid

          

  3. metabolic alkalosisexcess of sodium bicarbonate, loss of stomach acid w/ severe vomiting

          

  4. respiratory disturbancesexcess carbonic acid, caused by decreased respiratory rate

          

  5. regulatory sphinctersin cortex of kidney, made up of 2 parts-bowman's capsule & glomerulus

          

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