Intro to Networking Chp 1 terms

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A+

CompTIA certification for PC operation, repair, and management

address

# that uniquely identifies each workstation and device on a network

address management

central administration of a finite number of network addresses for an entire LAN

addressing

scheme for assigning a unique identifying # to every workstation and device on a network

asset management

collecting and storing data on the number and types of software and hardware assets on a network

backbone

part of a network to which segments and significant shared devices connect (network of networks)

backing up

copying critical data files to a secure storage area

CCIE

Cisco Certified Internetwork Engineer (elite certification)

CCNA

Cisco Certified Network Associate

certification

mastering material pertaining to a particular hardware system, operating system, programming language, or other program

client

computer on a network that requests resources or services from another computer on a network

client/server architecture

network design in which client use a centrally-administered server to share resources

client/server network

uses centrally-administered computers, known as servers, to enable resource sharing and to facilitate communication between the other computers

CompTIA

Computing Technology Industry Association, sets industry-wide standards for computer professionals

connectivity device

specialized devicethat allows two or more networks of multiple parts of one network to connect and exchange data

convergence

use of data networks to carry voice, video, and other communication services in addition to data

data packet

discrete unit of information sent from one node on a network to another

file server

specialized server that enables clients to share applications and data across the network

file services

functions of a file server that allow users to share data files, applications, and storage areas

host

computer that enables resource sharing by other computers on the same network

internet

complex WAN that connect LANs and clients around the globe

internet services

services that enable a network to communicate with the internet

LAN

local area network, confined to a relatively small space

license tracking

determining the number of copies of a single application that are currently in use on a network and whether the number exceeds the authorized number of licenses

load balancing

distributing data transfer activity evenly across a network so that no single device in overwhelmed

mail server

manages the storage and transfer of e-mail messages

MAN

metropolitan area networks, larger than a LAN, but within a limited geographic area, such as between multiple buildings

management services

centrally administer and simplify complicated management tasks on the network

MCSE

Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer

motherboard

main circuit board that controls a computer

network

group of computers and other devices that are connected by and can exchange data via some type of transmission media

Network+

CompTIA certification for networks

network services

functions provided by a network

NIC

network interface card, enables a workstation to connect to a network

node

computer or other device connected to a network which has a unique address and can send or receive data

NOS

network operating system, software that runs on a server and enables the server to manage network functions

peer-to-peer network

every computer can communicate directly with the others

print services

allows printers to be shared by several members of a network

protocol

standard method or format for communication between network devices, ensure that data are transferred whole, in sequence, and without error

remote access server

runs communications services that enables remote users to log on to a network (access server)

remote user

person working on a computer on a different network or in a different geographical location from the LAN's server

resources

devices, data, and storage space provided by a computer, whether stand-alone or shared

restore

retrieving files from a backup

scalable

property of a network that allows you to add nodes or increase its size easily

security auditing

evaluating security measures already in place and notifying the administrator if a breach occurs

segment

part of a network, such as a group of nodes that share the same communication channel

server

computer on a network that manages shared resources

sneakernet

way of exchanging data between computer that are not connected on a network

soft skills

not easily measured, but are important to a networking career, dependability, leadership skills

spam

unsolicited, unwanted e-mail

stand-alone computer

not connected to a network

topology

physical layout of computers on a network

traffic

data transmission and processing activity taking place on a network at any given time

traffic monitoring

determining how much data transfer activity is taking place and notifying administrators when a segment becomes overloaded

transmission media

means through which data are transmitted and received, cable or radio waves

unified communications

centralized management of multiple types of network-based communications such as voice, video, fax, and messaging services

user

person who uses a computer

WAN

wide area network, spans a long distance and connects two or more LANs

web server

manages web site services

workstation

computer that runs a desktop operating system and connects to a network

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