HUN 1201 Nutrition Exam 2

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51 terms · Nutrition Patton Exam 2

1. The main explanation for the difference in basal metabolic rates between males and females of the same body weight and the reason that males have a higher metabolic rate, is that males have a higher percentage of lean body mass (muscle) than females.

True

2. Catabolism is the chemical reactions that go on in living cells that produce smaller molecules and provide the body with energy

True

3.. ATP is the major energy carrier molecule in cells and is what allows you to get up out of your desk and leave the classroom.

True

4. Which of the following can be formed from acetyl CoA molecules?

NAD, Citric Acid, Pyruvate, Fatty Acids, Body Fat

5. The series of reactions involving the conversion of glucose to pyruvate is known as

Glycolysis

6. When a person is performing intense physical exercise and begins to feel fatigue, even winded, and a burning pain in the muscles is present, the person is likely to be producing

Lactic Acid

7. One of the two possible fates of the two carbon molecule acetyl CoA is that it can used to make stored fatty acids.

True

8. When energy-yielding nutrients are consumed in excess, which one(s) can lead to storage of fat?

Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats

9. Which of the following can be synthesized from all three energy-yielding nutrients?

Acetyl CoA

10. An aerobic reaction is one that requires

Oxygen

11. After consuming a very large meal, the desire to not to eat again for a period of time is an example of

Satiety

12. A person who exhibits a psychological desire to eat is most likely experiencing the sensation of

Hunger

13. Satiety is the feeling of satisfaction resulting from consumption of a meal and can last hours afterwards.

False

14. Body mass index (BMI) is an index of a person's weight in relation to height

True

15. Amount of lean body tissue has the most influence on the body's metabolic rate?

True

16. Waist circumference can be used to gauge the amount of a person's abdominal fat.

True

17. Energy needed to maintain your body at rest is termed your Metabolism rate

True

18. Obesity resulting from an increase in the size of fat cells is termed hypertrophic obesity.

True

19. In what region of the body is the storage of excess body fat associated with the highest risks for cardiovascular disease and diabetes?

Waist [Upper Body/Abdominal Fat

20. Compared with non-obese people, obese people have a lower physical activity level

True

21. Because the gene pool of our population remains relatively unchanged, Environment concerns such as Overeating and Physical Inactivity became a major influence on the Obesity problem of our population

True

22. Obesity problems depend on many factors such as the extent of overweight, age, health status and genetic makeup as well as risk factors that may differ among individuals such as Psychological factors or Social and cultural factors

True

23. Television watching contributes to obesity because it promotes inactivity, it promotes between-meal snacking, and it gives high exposure to energy-dense foods featured in the commercial advertisements

True

24. 0.5-2 lbs/week is a safe rate of weight loss on a long-term basis for most overweight people.

True

25. Health outcomes of obesity include all of the following except:

Risk of heart Disease, Type 2 Diabetes, Sleep Apnea

26. When looking for a sound weight loss diet, ALL of the following components should be included except:

Nutritionally adequate yet low in calories, fit into current lifestyle, foods that are liked, slow rate of weight loss

27. Successful maintenance of weight loss requires positive affirmations, strong motivation, support, appropriate behaviors, and positive changes in body shape.

True

28. An Adverse side effects of typical low-carbohydrate would be fatigue.

True

29. A feature of high-protein diets is they provide for long-term weight maintenance by teaching appropriate long term eating behaviors.

False

30. A characteristic of anorexia nervosa in those who are treated, many relapse into abnormal eating patterns

True

31. A characteristic of the eating pattern of people with bulimia nervosa is that binge eating typically occurs after a period of strict dieting

True

32. Which of the following can be used to gauge the amount of a person's visceral abdominal fat and hence their risk for such health problems as cardiovascular disease and diabetes?

Waist Circumference

33. A high risk of weight-related health problems is seen in men whose waist circumference begins to exceed

40 Inches

34. Consequences of Dieting as a means of weight control include all of the following EXCEPT

Decrease in weight loss, loss of lean tissues and body fat, 10-40% decrease in metabolism, decrease in protein turnover

35. Issues associated with Re-feeding after Weight Loss Dieting as a means of weight control include all of the following EXCEPT

Increase in pre dieting food intake, preference of high fat food, regain with more % body fat, metabolism slows to return to normal, get weight quicker with each diet, increase in abdominal fat deposits, less desire for exercise, decrease in self efficacy/esteem

36. In recognizing an Unsound Diet as a means of weight control all of the following would be apparent EXCEPT

Promotes quick weight loss, limits food selectable, testimonials/ celebrity endorsements, expensive supplements/products, no attempts to permanently change eating or physical activity, critical of scientific community.

37. Characteristics of a Sound Diet for weight management would include all of the following except

Nutritionally adequate yet low in calories, fit into current lifestyle, foods that are liked, slow rate of weight loss, follow for life

38. In almost all studies researching diet and exercise in relation to weight loss, the diet plus exercise group lost somewhat more weight than the diet alone or the exercise alone groups.

True

39. To lose weight and keep it off, you need to make changes in your lifestyle. But there's more to changing your lifestyle than choosing different foods and putting more activity into your day. It also involves changing your approach to eating and activity, which means changing how you think, feel and act.

True

40. Exploring current eating and exercise habits gives a place to start when changing behaviors.

True

41. To lose weight and keep it off, Behavior therapy requires having a plan such as determining a realistic eating plan that includes plenty of water, fruits and vegetables.

True

42. Surgery is an option for those who have tried weight loss programs and failed, have a BMI ≥ 35, and are having health problems due to their weight.

True

43. Appropriate as part of a successful Weight-Loss Strategies, would be to develop a eating plan that would be centered around complex carbohydrates foods which offer abundant vitamins, minerals and fiber with little fat.

True

44. Appropriate as part of a successful Weight-Loss Strategies, would be to develop a eating plan that would be centered around complex carbohydrates and then choose fats sensibly and reduce the quantity of fat and watch empty Calories from sugar and alcohol.

True

45. Appropriate as part of a successful Weight-Loss Strategies, would be to develop an eating plan that would consist of meals planned through out the day consisting of smaller portions to feel satisfied, but not stuffed.

True

46. Appropriate as part of a successful Weight-Loss Strategies, would be to develop an eating plan that would consist of meals of very little variety so that appetite is not stimulated by the presence of a food that is enjoyed and hence may be over consumed.

False

47. Incidences of underweight and associated health problems are more prevalent than overweight and obesity problems.

False

48. Since obesity apparently has many causes, even in a single individual, the best attack of the problem seems to be:

Changing/Improving eating/exercise habits; prevent

49. Weight control is as simple as balancing intake to output of energy.

False

50. Successful maintenance of weight loss requires all of the following except:

A lifelong eating plan for good health, nutritionally adequate eating, reasonable/realistic expectations, regular physical activity, permanent lifestyle changes

Calculate Heart Rate

[220 - age]x10

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