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Contamination

the introduction of dangerous chemicals, disease, or infectious materials.

Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM)

a comprehensive system that includes education and resources to both prevent stress and to deal with stress appropriately when it occurs.

Decontamination

the removal or cleansing of dangerous chemicals and other dangerous or infectious materials.

Hazardous Material Incident

the release of a harmful substance into the environment.

Multiple-Casualty Incident (MCI)

an emergency involving multiple patients.

Pathogens

the organisms that cause infection, such as viruses and bacteria.

Personal Protective Equipment

equipment that protects the EMS worker from infection and/or exposure to the dangers of rescue operations.

Standard Precautions

a strict form of infection control that is based on the assumption that all blood and other body fluids are infectious.

Stress

a state of physical and/or psychological arousal to a stimulus.

hand washing
disposable gloves
eye protection

Standard Precautions involves what 3 things?

for treating patients with a potential for blood or fluid splatter.

When should you wear a surgical mask?

If TB is suspected

When should you wear a HEPA mask?

1) the airway is open
2) respirations are adequate
3) check for vomiting

Whenever a mask is placed on a patient, the EMT needs to monitor the patient for what 3 things?

Tetanus
Influenza
Hepatitis B

EMTs should be immunized with what 3 vaccines?

OSHA - Occupational Safety and Health Administration

Federal organization responsible for issuing guidelines for employee safety around bio hazards

the Ryan White CARE act

A federal act that establishes procedures by which emergency response workers can find out if they have been exposed to life-threatening infectious disease.

designated officer.

After contact with the blood or body fluids of a patient, and EMT may submit a request for a determination of exposure to his or her __________.

1) H1N1
2) Chicken Pox
3) German Measles

Name 3 airborne disease.

denial
anger
bargaining
depression
acceptance

When a patient is dying they may go through the 5 emotional stages. What are they?

retreat, radio, and re-evaluate

When an EMT is in a dangerous situation he/she needs to do the three Rs. What are the three Rs?

1) Hans Selye
2) General Adaption Syndrome
3) Alarm, Resistance, Exhaustion

The bodies response to stress was studied by Dr. _____.
He coined the phrase __________.
The three phases are __________.

Acute Stress Reaction
Delayed Stress Reaction
Cumulative Stress Reaction

Name the 3 types of stress reactions.

exhaustion stage

The stress triad of adrenal gland enlargement, bleeding gastric ulcers, and wasting of the lymph nodes occurs during which stage of stress?

immediately

What is acute stress reaction?

PTSD, days, months, or years later

What is delayed stress reaction?

burnout, sustained low stress over a period of years

What is cumulative stress reaction?

Avian flu

This flu, a disease that is found in poultry, can also affect humans.

transmission

The way in which an infectious agent is spread: contact, airborne, by vehicles, or by vectors.

tuberculosis

A chronic bacterial disease that usually affects the lungs, is contagious, and can be transmitted through coughing.

infection

The abnormal invasion of a host or host tissues by organisms such as bacteria, viruses, or parasites, with or without signs or symptoms of disease.

exposure

A situation in which a person has had contact with blood, body fluids, tissues, or airborne particles in a manner that suggests that disease transmission may occur.

OSHA

The federal regulatory compliance agency that develops, publishes, and enforces guidelines concerning safety in the workplace.

carrier

An animal or person who may transmit an infectious disease but may not display any symptoms of it.

dependent lividity

Blood settling to the lowest point of the body, causing discoloration of the skin.

host

The organism or individual that is attacked by the infecting agent.

designated officer

The individual in the department who is charged with the responsibility of managing exposures and infection control issues.

infectious disease

A disease that is caused by infection, in contrast to one caused by faulty genes, metabolic or hormonal disturbances, emotional trauma, or another cause.

rigor mortis

Stiffening of the body, a definitive sign of death.

communicable disease

Any disease that can be spread from person to person, or from animal to person.

cover

The tactical use of an impenetrable barrier to conceal EMS personnel and protect them from projectiles.

exposure control plan

A comprehensive plan that helps employees to reduce their risk of exposure to or acquisition of communicable diseases.

direct contact

A comprehensive plan that helps employees to reduce their risk of exposure to or acquisition of communicable diseases.

contagious disease

An infectious disease that is capable of being transmitted from one person to another.

virulence

The strength or ability of a pathogen to produce disease.

hepatitis

An infection of the liver, usually caused by a virus, that causes fever, loss of appetite, jaundice, fatigue, and altered liver function.

putrefaction

Decomposition of body tissues.

infection control

Procedures to reduce transmission of infection among patients and health care personnel.

HIV

Infection of the virus that can progress to AIDS.

pathogen

A microorganism that is capable of causing disease in a susceptible host.

indirect contact

Exposure or transmission of disease from one person to another by contact with a contaminated object.

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