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Dr. Alexander Falconbridge

Pre-Colonial

John Smith

Pre-Colonial

Olaudah Equiano

Pre-Colonial

Anne Bradstreet

Puritanism

Jonathan Edwards

Puritanism

William Bradford

Puritanism

Edward Taylor

Puritanism

Patrick Henry

Rationalism

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

Romanticism

Edgar Allan Poe

Romanticism/Gothic

Nathaniel Hawthorne

Romanticism/Gothic

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Transcendentalism

Henry David Thoreau

Transcendentalism

Walt Whitman

Transcendentalism

Ambrose Bierce

Realism

Frederick Douglass

Realism

Stephan Crane

Realism/Ironist

Kate Chopin

Realism/Naturalist

Harriet Beecher Stowe

Regionalism

Mark Twain

Regionalism

"An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge"

Ambrose Bierce

Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave - "Chapter X"

Frederick Douglass

"The Mystery of Heroism"

Stephan Crane

The Awakening

Kate Chopin

"I lived with Mr. Covey one year. During the first six months, of that year, scarce a week passed without his whipping me. I was seldom free form a sore back."

Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, factual/stating the facts

"A color-sergeant fell flat with his flag as if he had slipped on ice. There was hoarse cheering from this distant field."

"The Mystery of Heroism," neutral, factual

"I spend that day mostly in the woods, having the alternative before me,--to go home and be whipped to death, or stay in the woods and be starved to death."

Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, factual, neutral about own death, emotionless, understated

"The liberal military code makes provision for hanging many kinds of persons, and gentlemen are not excluded."

"An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge," ironic (military code is generous--every type of person hung), individual person = anyone, society oppressing the individual, ordinary person

"He was not conscious of an effort, but a sharp pain in his writs apprised him that he was trying to free his hands."

"An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge," detached from his body; instinct/intuition

"Peyton Farquhar was dead; his body, with a broken neck, swung gently from side to side beneath the timbers of the Owl Creek bridge."

"An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge," no emotion, understated, if you act like a Romantic, you will fail, society oppresses the individual

"The work was simple, requiring strength rather than intellect; yet, to one entirely unused to such work, it came very hard."

Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, understated

"He asked me if I meant to persist in my resistance."

Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass; society oppresses the individual, factual, neutral, so formal - objective that is almost comical

"I told him I did, come what might; that he had used me like a brute for six months, and that I was determined to be used so no longer."

neutral; no passion/emotion for the climactic scene

"The truth was, that he had not whipped me at all."

Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass; factual, understated, neutral; most transcendental moment - Douglass rising above--mentally not whipped

"Some curious fortune of the battle made this gentle little meadow the object of the red hate of the shells, and each one as it exploded seemed like an imprecation in the face of a maiden."

"The Mystery of Heroism;" society oppresses the individual, war setting, painting a picture

"'I never thought Fred Collins had the blood in him for that kind of business." "That's foolishness."

"The Mystery of Heroism;" flawed human (ordinary), society oppresses the individual

"After all, heroes were not much."

"The Mystery of Heroism;" understated, nonchalant, ordinary

"He had blindly been led by quaint emotions, and laid himself under an obligation to walk squarely up to the face of death."

"The Mystery of Heroism;" living like a Romantic leads to failure, instincts, theme: idea of Romantic heroism is not worth looking for

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