World History Intro

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Colonialism

Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.

Nationalism

love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it

Democracy

a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them

Capitalism

an economic system based on private property and free enterprise

Communism

economic and political system in which the gov't controls the economy by owning its farms and businesses

Politics

the study of government of states and other political units

Economics

production and consumption of goods and services

Philosophy

a system of beliefs and values

Depression

a long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment

Recession

economic slump

Global

of, relating to, or involving the entire world; comprehensive

Isolationism

Having little to do with the political affairs of other nations

Revolution

the overthrow of a government by those who are governed

Imperialism

a policy of extending your rule over foreign countries

Industry

a group of businesses that produce a similar product or provide a similar service.

Government

the institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies

Monarchy

state ruled over by a single person, as a king or queen

Aristocracy

a privileged class holding hereditary titles

Republic

A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting

Senate

upper house of the legislature

Judaism

the monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud

Christianity

The religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.

Islam

A monotheistic religion that developed in Arabia in 7th century, means "submission to the will of Allah" followers are Muslims

Reformation

A religious reform movement which challenged political and ecclesiastical authority of the Catholic Church during the Middle Ages.

Renaissance

The period from 1400 to 1600 that witnessed a transformation of cultural and intellectual values from primarily Christian to classical or secular ones.

Divine Right

belief that a ruler's authority comes directly from God

Common Law

a system of law based on precedent and customs

Due Process of Law

procedures established by law and guaranteed by the constitution

Parliament

a legislative assembly in certain countries (e.g., Great Britain)

Social Contract

the agreement by which people define and limit their individual rights, thus creating an organized society or government

Natural Rights

the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property

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