Bumpus - SJJA 7th Grade Vocabulary Unit 14
|affliction|| (n.) a physical ailment; a cause of pain or trouble, misfortune|
Lupus is a dreadful affliction that kills nearly 5,000 people, mostly women, each year.
SYNONYMS: illness, woe, torment, anguish
ANTONYMS: blessing, boon, joy
|akin|| (adj.) related by blood; having similar qualities or character|
Our neighbors seem to have ideas akin to ours about landscaping.
SYNONYMS: kindred, like, comparable
ANTONYMS: unrelated, dissimilar
|cosmopolitan|| (adj.) found in most parts of the world; having many fields of interest; of worldwide scope; sophisticated|
It does not surprise us that our cousin, a magazine editor and a big-city dweller, has a cosmopolitan outlook.
SYNONYMS: global, international, polished
ANTONYMS: narrow, unsophisticated, provincial
|elongate|| (v.) to grow in length, become longer; to extend the length of|
The artist sought to elongate the trunk of the elephant in her caricature in order to amuse the children.
SYNONYMS: lengthen, stretch, protract
ANTONYMS: shorten, abbreviate, contract, curtail
|gala|| (n.) a public entertainment marking a special event, a festive occasion|
The reporter had never seen such finery as was worn at the gala.
(adj.) festive, showy
The President and First Lady attended a gala performance at the Kennedy Center in Washington, D.C.
SYNONYMS: (n.) extravaganza; (adj.) spectacular, grand
|gaudy|| (adj.) flashy, showy; not in good taste|
The singer's gaudy outfit was totally inappropriate for a command performance before the queen.
SYNONYMS: garish, loud, vulgar
ANTONYMS: restrained, quiet, sober, sedate, tasteful
|gratitude|| (n.) appreciation, thankfulness|
Be sure to express your gratitude to your teacher for having written you a letter of recommendation.
SYNONYMS: thanks, gratefulness
|heed|| (v.) to pay careful attention to, notice; to be guided by|
My parents are always telling me to heed their advice.
(n.) close attention or consideration
Pay no heed to old superstitions.
SYNONYMS: (v.) listen to, attend
ANTONYMS: (v.) ignore, disregard
|hoax|| (n.) an act intended to trick or deceive, a fraud|
Their plan was to hoax people into believing they had found a masterpiece.
(v.) to trick, deceive
SYNONYMS: (n.) deception, ruse, fake; (v.) dupe
|impartial|| (adj.) just, unbiased, fair, not taking sides|
The defense attorney knew it would be difficult to find impartial jurors to serve on such a celebrated case.
SYNONYMS: disinterested, neutral, objective
ANTONYMS: one-sided, prejudiced, biased, partial
|imposter|| (n.) a swindler, deceiver; one who uses a false name or character in order to cheat|
After having posed as a doctor for five years, the man was finally exposed as an imposter.
SYNONYMS: cheat, trickster, four-flusher, pretender
|inflate|| (v.) to fill with air or gas; to swell or puff out; to make something appear larger than it is|
On the evening before the big parade, we watched the workers inflate the huge balloons.
SYNONYMS: blow up, pump up, enlarge, exaggerate
ANTONYMS: deflate, flatten, diminish
|meager|| (adj.) poor, scant, unsatisfactory; thin, slight|
My brother, a high school student, is always complaining that he cannot live on the meager allowance my parents give him.
SYNONYMS: scanty, skimpy, sparse
ANTONYMS: ample, plentiful, abundant, lavish
|meditate|| (v.) to think about deeply and quietly,reflect upon;to plan, intend|
Many ancient philosophers would seek peaceful surroundings in which to meditate on the meaning of life.
SYNONYMS: ponder, contemplate, muse, ruminate
|nutritious|| (adj.) nourishing, valuable and satisfying as food|
My mother cooks nutritious meals to ensure that we have a balanced diet.
SYNONYMS: healthful, wholesome
|oppress|| (v.) to govern or rule cruelly or unjustly; to weigh heavily upon|
Too many dictators have used their absolute power to oppress the people they govern.
SYNONYMS: mistreat, persecute, grind underfoot
ANTONYMS: pamper, coddle, free, liberate
|pedestrian||(n.) one who gets on foot|
The driver slammed on the brakes and swerved so as not to hit the pedestrian.
(adj.) relating to walking; on foot; ordinary, dull, unimaginative
Critics denounced his pedestrian literary style, but his book sales were high.
SYNONYMS: (adj.) commonplace, prosaic
ANTONYMS: (n.) driver, rider; (adj.) original, novel
|transmit|| (v.) to send on, pass along, send out|
In the Old West, sheriffs would often transmit messages by telegraph to the marshal of the territory.
SYNONYMS: pass on, convey, relay, deliver
|vanquish|| (v.) to defeat in a battle or contest, overthrow; to overcome a feeling or condition|
The general's goal was to vanquish his country's enemies.
SYNONYMS: beat, conquer, subdue
ANTONYMS: succumb to, yield to
|wan|| (adj.) unnaturally pale or sickly looking, lacking vitality; dim, faint; weak, ineffectual|
The patient was so weak that all she could give the nurse was a wan smile.
SYNONYMS: ashen, pasty, pallid, bloodless, gaunt
ANTONYMS: rosy, ruddy, blooming, radiant