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Successionism ( JJJ theory - Jesus, John, Jordan)

• Associated with Landmarkism
• Popularized by the book Trail of Blood
• used Matthew 16:18 to claim that the true church has alway existed
• believed Local Baptist churches are the only true churches
• deny that the universal church exists
• Baptist churches administer the sacraments properly

• A true church is a body of baptized believers
• Only Baptist churches administer valid baptism
• Therefore only Baptist churches are true churches.

It begs the question:
• Mt. 16:18 deals with the church prior to the existence of local bodies.
• What about other groups that practice believer's baptism?

Clearly,
• J.R. Graves (1820-1893) (The key leader)
• Was a result of poor biblical interpretation

• It is based on the idea that there is no universal church
• The basis for ecclesiology should be the Bible, not historical succession

Came from anabaptists

• Most trace the origin of the Anabaptists to the likes of Conrad Grebel and George Blaurock
• they began to question Zwingli's biblical views on authority and ultimately baptism.
• eventually rebaptized themselves and decided not to have their infants baptized.

• This movement spread rapidly but was almost universally persecuted. Many ended up in Holland.

• They share similar views
• Christianity revolved around discipleship.
• Christians are called to be followers of Christ.
• The Church is comprised only of believers.

• The commonalities between Anabaptist beliefs and Baptist beliefs causes some to see some sort of link.
• Also, John Smyth and Thomas Helwys, the first English Baptists were located in Holland for a time same as many anabaptists.

• there is no demonstrable historical linkage.
• early English Baptists denied being Anabaptists;
• this view is a minority view.

Baptists were English separatists that came of the Puritan movement:

• majority view by Baptist historians see Baptists as developing out of English separatism.
We have already covered the issues in the English
• certain groups disagreed with views espoused by the Anglican Church
• Puritans were the main dissenting group.

Beliefs
• They wanted a pure church.
• They did not leave the church but wanted to purify it. • They divided into two groups:
Presbyterians
Congregationalists
• These Puritans are the ones who came to New England because the process of reform was so slow.

• Separatists: came to Plymouth Rock to flee religious persecution.
• The separatists divided into two camps:
Congregationalists - rejected the church of England but accepted their baptism as legitimate
Baptists - rejected the Anglican Church and their baptism in it.

• John Smyth and Thomas Helwys
Smyth was the pastor of a separatist church in England
• Smyth questioned the validity of his baptism in the Church of England.
• If the Anglican Church is false, then the baptism must be false.
• he began to question infant baptism because it was absent in the New Testament.
• He baptized himself and then other members of his congregation and they formally organized on the basis of a covenant.
• based on the Old Testament idea and is how Baptists organize themselves.
• A Baptists church is formed on the basis of a covenant and believer's baptism
•This church is often seen as the first Baptist church
Thomas Helwys, a church leader with Smyth, and others disagreed, excommunicated him and returned to England in 1612 forming the first Baptist church on English soil.

JLJ church (named for the initials of the first three pastors) in Southwark London.
• This was a Separatist congregation that began in
• first Particular Baptist church
• they concluded that immersion was the proper method of baptism.


• Baptists in England had two independent beginnings, the General Baptists coming from Smyth and Helwys, and the Particular Baptists arising from the JLJ church.
• The main issue for Baptists was not "who should be baptized" but rather the search for a pure church. This was and to a degree is still a distinguishing mark of Baptists.

Anabaptists

• Most trace the origin of the Anabaptists to the group of Conrad Grebel and George Blaurock who began to question Zwingli's biblical views on authority and ultimately baptism.
• This group eventually re-baptized themselves and decided not to have their infants baptized.
• They were focusing on a pure church.
believed that Christianity revolved around discipleship.
• Christians are called to be followers of Christ.
• The Church is comprised only of believers.
• william estep was the main defender of this group

John Smyth

- Smyth was the pastor of a separatist church in England.
- fled to Amsterdam to flee persecution.
- Smyth questioned the validity of his baptism in the Church of England.
- He began to question baptism of infants.
- poured a basin of water over his head baptizing himself.
- He then baptized other members of his congregation and they formally organized on the basis of a covenant.
- This church is often seen as the first Baptist church.
- A few years later Smyth doubted the validity of his baptism and wanted to join with a Mennonite (Anabaptist) community.

Open vs close communion

-Open communion = communion is offered to all those who are saved
-John Bunyan was an advocate of open communion.

- Closed communion = communion is only offered to those who have been baptized
-William Kiffin was the main proponent of close communion.

Rodger Williams

- He established Providence Plantation since he was not welcome in areas which were not separatist because of this views:
- He opposed the idea that the King of England owned the land of the colonies
- he said it belonged to the Indians.
- he accepted baptism, rejected infant baptism and baptized several others
- established first baptist church in America
- he remained a Baptist for less than a year being
-convinced that baptism must be administered by a person derived historically from the apostles.

Dan Taylor

- converted under the ministry of John Wesley
- became involved with the General Baptists, there was tremendous spiritual decay, Arianism and apathy.
-founded the "New Connection of General Baptists" for churches that wanted to withdraw from the heresies of many of their fellow Baptists.
-IN order to join the New Connection, the pastor of the church had to subscribe to a confession that had clear orthodox beliefs regarding Christ and the Trinity.
-After Taylor's death, General Baptists pretty much died out.

Particular Baptist/hyper Calvinism

- Calvinism is the belief that one cannot come to respond to the gospel unless God works in their hearts.
- Some are elect and predestined to salvation and others are predestined to condemnation.
-John gill main theologian that supported this view.
- Write about what hyper Calvinism is.

Should baptist maintain believers baptism as entrance into the church

• One of the entrances into the church.

What preacher was converted under his own preaching?

Elias keech

John Leland

the biggest proponent of freedom of religion in the south. Wants a complete separation Of church and state: classic baptist position

William Knibb

big anti slavery

Abraham Booth

evangelistic particular baptist.

Know the Anabaptists under Zwingli

Felix Mantz, Conrad Grebel and George Blaurock

John Clarke

contemporary of Rodger Williams, remained baptist, stayed in RI, most influential baptist in early America.

General Baptist

general atonement

Particular Baptist

limited atonement

Some of the issues amongst early baptist:

•communion,
singing
they did NOT disagree on religious freedom.

Why did Baptist join associations?

They did it to pool their resources,

Which was the most important association in early baptist life?

Philadelphia association

Main theological controversy in England

became Arians

Which book popularized the succession from John

trail of blood

John Clarke

started the first baptist church in RI

William Screeven

moved the church from Maine to SC
first baptist church in the south

What is Landmarkism

Denies the universal church, it's all about us

wrote a book: George fox digs out of his burrow

Rodger Williams

Where do most baptists live today?

US

Theology of the Great Awakening?

mostly calvinistics

Thomas Helwys

was with John Smith who started the first baptist church in the Netherlands, helwys started the first baptist church on english soil.

JLJ church

first particular baptist church

Did the general baptists consider themselves anapabtists?

NO

London confession

PARTICULAR BAPTIST

William Carey

PARTICULAR BAPTIST BACKGROUND

Sandy Creek Baptist Church

• a. Founded by Shubal Stearns and Daniel Marshall in 1755 in Randolph county NC. Stearns and Marshall left the North East along with 8 families.
•b. IN 17 years, it was responsible for mothering or grand mothering 42 churches and 125 pastors.
• In 1758 the Sandy Creek association began

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