The federal economic polices of the Reagan administration, elected in 1981. These policies combined a monetarist fiscal policy, supply-side tax cuts, and domestic budget cutting. Their goal was to reduce the size of the federal government and stimulate economic growth.
During the 60's and 70's, the U.S. was suffering from 5.3% inflation and 6% unemployment. Refers to the unusual economic situation in which an economy is suffering both from inflation and from stagnation of its industrial growth.
the lifting of restrictions on business, industry, and professional activities for which government rules had been established and that bureaucracies had been created to administer.
programs intended to make up for past discrimination by helping minority groups and women gain access to jobs and opportunities
The moral majority
(1970s) A political action group formed to further a conservative and religious agenda (e.g. prayers in schools, strict laws against abortion).
Roe v. wade (1973)
The court legalized abortion by ruling that state laws could not restrict it during the first three months of pregnancy. Based on 4th Amendment rights of a person to be secure in their persons.
Camp David Accords (1978)
Peace treaty between Egypt and Israel; hosted by US President Jimmy Carter; caused Egypt to be expelled from the Arab league; created a power vacuum that Saddam hoped to fill; first treaty of its kind between Israel and an Arab state
Iran Hostage Crisis
In November 1979, revolutionaries stormed the American embassy in Tehran and held 52 Americans hostage. The Carter administration tried unsuccessfully to negotiate for the hostages release. On January 20, 1981, the day Carter left office, Iran released the Americans, ending their 444 days in captivity.
The AIDS epidemic
More than 40 million people worldwide were known to be infected with AIDS in 2006.
One person contracts the disease every six seconds.
Over 67% of them live in 34 tropical African countries.
In 2006, more than 2.1 million people in Sub-Saharan Africa died of AIDS
72% of all deaths.
47% HIV positive persons are women.
13.2 million children (<14 yo) have been orphaned (end of 1999).
Strategic Defense Initiative
Popularly known as "Star Wars," President Reagan's SDI proposed the construction of an elaborate computer-controlled, anti-missile defense system capable of destroying enemy missiles in outer spaced. Critics claimed that SDI could never be perfected.
(RR) Americans kidnapped in Beirut by Iranian govt, so deal, scandal including arms sales to the Middle East in order to send money to help the Contras in Nicaragua even though Congress had objected, Poindexter and North involved
The southern and southwestern states, from the Carolinas to California, characterized by warm climate and recently, rapid population growth
The 39th President who created the Department of Energy and the Depatment of Education. He was criticized for his return of the Panama Canal Zone, and his last year in office was marked by the takeover of the American embassy in Iran, fuel shortages, and the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan, which caused him to lose to Ronald Regan in the next election.
first elected president in 1980 and elected again in 1984. He ran on a campaign based on the common man and "populist" ideas. He served as governor of California from 1966-1974, and he participated in the McCarthy Communist scare. Iran released hostages on his Inauguration Day in 1980. While president, he developed Reagannomics, the trickle down effect of government incentives. He cut out many welfare and public works programs. He used the Strategic Defense Initiative to avoid conflict. His meetings with Gorbachev were the first steps to ending the Cold War. He was also responsible for the Iran-contra Affair which bought hostages with guns. The 40th president
president 1974-77, Nixon's Vice president, only person not voted into the White House, appointed vice president by Nixon: became president after Nixon resigned and became the 38th president
Environmental Protection Agency
(RN), 1970 an independent federal agency established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environment
Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981
included largest income tax cut in U.S. history
Aids to families with Dependent children
The original federal assistance program for women and their children, started under Roosevelt's New Deal.
The "Evil Empire"
The Evil Empire: Reagan called Soviet Union, in which Reagan thought that Soviets were "prepared to commit any crime, to lie, to cheat" to promote Communism.
The "Great Communicator"
Reagan was given this nickname b/c of his acting background. he was great at getting his message across- used lots of humor.
Department of energy
helps develop the nation's energy policies, promotes conservation of energy, regulates energy resources
Department of education
the United States federal department that administers all federal programs dealing with education (including federal aid to educational institutions and students)