CanTech Cancer

Created by rxmaman 

Upgrade to
remove ads

97 terms

a mass of cells resulting from abnormally rapidly dividing cells

What is a tumor?

metastasis

What is the spread of cancer cells beyond their original site in the body called?

cancer

A malignant tumor results in which disease?

skin or tissues covering internal organs

Where is the site of origin of a carcinoma?

blood-forming tissues

Where is the site of origin of leukemia?

cells of the immune system

Where is the site of origin for lymphoma?

staging

The method used to describe how cancer has progressed within the body (i.e. the extent of the cancer) is called?

size of tumor, lymph node involvement, metastasis

Name the three factors on which cancer staging is based.

HPV

cancer of the cervix is linked to which virus?

DES

cancer of the cervix is linked to exposure to which drug?

postmenopausal

Endometrial cancer mainly affects this group of women

skin cancer

One of the most common types of cancer is?

melanoma and nonmelanoma

What are the two types of skin cancer?

nonmelanoma

Which skin cancer is the most treatable form?

ultraviolet light

one of the major causes of skin cancer is excessive exposure to?

small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer

Name the two types of lung cancer

smoking

The most common cause of small-cell lung cancer is?

prostate cancer

The incidence of which cancer increases as men get older?

self-examination of the breast

Name a method of screening for breast cancer

mammogram

Name a method of screening for breast cancer

sonogram

Name a method of screening for breast cancer

fecal occult blood test

Name a screening test for colorectal cancer

colonoscopy

Name a screening test for colorectal cancer

sigmoidoscopy

Name a screening test for colorectal cancer

double contrast barium enema

Name a screening test for colorectal cancer

digital rectal exam

Name a screening test for colon cancer

digital rectal exam

Name a screening test for prostate cancer

PSA

Name a screening test for prostate cancer

PAP smear

Name a screening test for cervical cancer

chemotherapy

The use of drugs to kill or slow the growth of cancerous cells is called?

biological therapy

the administration of immune system modulators to boost the body's natural defense against cancerous cells is called?

type of cancer

Name a factor that influences the selection of treatment options

stage of cancer

Name a factor that influences the selection of treatment options

tolerance for adverse effects of treatment

Name a factor that influences the selection of treatment options

patient's age

Name a factor that influences the selection of treatment options

histological and nuclear grade of the primary tumor

Name a factor that influences the selection of treatment options

capacity of the cancer to metastasize

Name a factor that influences the selection of treatment options

hormone therapy

This is the treatment of choice for breast cancer

tamoxifen

This drug is indicated for treatment of estrogen-receptor positive breast cancer

selective estrogen receptor modulator

tamoxifen belongs to this class

estrogen receptor downregulator

fulvestrant belongs to this class

-trozole

This is a common ending for aromatase inhibitors

aromatase inhibitor

Which class of drugs blocks the conversion of androgens to estrone and estradiol?

aromatase inhibitor

anastrozole belongs to this class

aromatase inhibitor

exemestane belongs to this class

aromatase inhibitor

letrozole belongs to this class

Arimidex

the brand name for anastrozole

Aromasin

the brand name for exemestane

Femara

the brand name for letrozole

Zoladex

the brand name for goserelin

GnRH agonist

goserelin belongs to this class

Megace

the brand name for megestrol

breast and endometrial

megestrol is indicated for the treatment of these two cancers

alkylating agent

cyclophosphamide belongs to this class

Cytoxan

the brand name for cyclophosphamide

-taxel

a common ending for taxanes

taxane

Which class of cytotoxic drugs are derived from the Yew tree?

taxane

paclitaxel belongs to this class

taxane

docetaxel belongs to this class

Taxotere

a brand name for docetaxel

Taxol

a brand name for Taxol

Cremophor

This product is used to prepare an emulsion of paclitaxel because it is insoluble in water

vinca alkaloid

vincristine belongs to this class

vinca alkaloid

vinblastine belongs to this class

vinca alkaloid

vinorelbine belongs to this class

taxane

Drugs in this class work by inhibiting microtuble formation

vinca alkaloid

Drugs in this class work by inhibiting microtuble formation

-rubicin

a common ending for anthracyclines

anthracycline

doxorubicin belongs to this class

Adriamycin

a brand name of doxorubicin

anthracycline

epirubicin belongs to this class

-poside

a common ending for topoisomerase inhibitors

-tecan

al common ending for topoisomerase inhibitors

topoisomerase inhibitor

etoposide belongs to this class

topoisomerase inhibitor

teniposide belongs to this class

topoisomerase inhibitor

irinotecan belongs to this class

topoisomerase inhibitor

topotecan belongs to this class

VePesid

a brand name of etoposide

Vumon

a brand name of teniposide

Camptosar

a brand name of irinotecan

Hycamtin

a brand name of topotecan

-platin

a common ending for platinum compounds

platinum compound

cisplatin belongs to this class

platinum compound

carboplatin belongs to this class

platinum compound

oxaliplatin belongs to this class

fluoropyrimidine

capecitabine belongs to this class

Xeloda

a brand name of capecitabine

fluoropyrimidine

5-fluorouracil belongs to this class

fluoropyrimidine

cytarabine belongs to this class

fluoropyrimidine

fludarabine belongs to this class

fluoropyrimidine

gemcitabine belongs to this class

antimetabolite

methotrexate belongs to this class

antimetabolite

pemetrexed belongs to this class

antimetabolite

6-mercaptopurine belongs to this class

antimetabolite

6-thioguanine belongs to this class

methotrexate

the warning label "avoid ASA and NSAIDs" should be applied to prescription vials of which drug due to reduce clearance?

monoclonal antibodies

trastuzumab belongs to this class

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set