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Muscles that Move the Foot and Toes

Tibialis anterior

Origin: Lateral condyle and proximal shaft of tibia
Insertion: Base of 1st metatarsal bone
Action: Dorsiflexion at ankle; inversion of foot

Gastrocnemius

Origin: Femoral condyles
Insertion: Calcaneus by way of calcaneal tendon
Action: Plantar flexion at ankle; inversion and adduction of foot; flexion at knee

Fibularis

Origin: Fibula and lateral condyle of tibia
Insertion: Bases of 1st and 5th metatarsal bones
Action: Eversion of foot and plantar flexion at ankle

Soleus

Origin: Head and proximal shaft of fibula, and adjacent shaft of tibia
Insertion: Calcaneus by way of calcaneal tendon
Action: Plantar flexion at ankle; adduction of foot

Tibialis posterior

Origin: Connective tissue membrane and adjacent shafts of tibia and fibula
Insertion: Tarsal and metatarsal bones
Action: Adduction and inversion of foot; plantar flexion at ankle

Flexor digitorum longus

Origin: Posterior and medial surface of tibia
Insertion: Inferior surface of phalanges, toes 2-5
Action: Flexion at joints of toes 2-5

Flexor hallucis longus

Origin: Posterior surface of fibula
Insertion: Inferior surface, distal phalanx of great toe
Action: Flexion at joints of great toe

Extensor digitorum longus

Origin: Lateral condyle of tibia, anterior surface of fibula
Insertion: Superior surfaces of phalanges, toes 2-5
Action: Extension at joints of toes 2-5

Extensor hallucis longus

Origin: Anterior surface of fibula
Insertion: Superior surface, distal phalanx of great toe
Action: Extension at joints of great toe

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