A disturbance that transfers energy from one place to another without transferring matter
Can travel through liquids, solids and gases but not through a vacuum. Examples are sound, water and seismic.
A wave in which the disturbance is perpendicular to the direction that the wave is traveling.
The highest point of a transverse wave.
The lowest point of a transverse wave.
A wave where the particles in a medium move parallel to the direction that the wave travels.
The regions in a longitudinal wave when the particles in the medium are closest together.
The regions of a longitudinal wave where the particles are the farthest apart.
A wave that can travel through empty space and matter
The maximum distance that a wave moves from its starting point
The distance on a wave to the same point on the next wave
The number of wavelengths that pass by a point each second
The SI unit for frequency
The transfer of energy by a wave to the medium through which it travels
The passage of light through an object, for example a window
The bouncing of a wave off a surface
Law of reflection
When a wave is reflected off a surface the angle of reflection is equal to the angle of incidence
The change in direction of a wave that occurs as the wave changes speed when moving from one medium to another
The change in direction of a wave when it travels by the edge of an object or through an opening
Occurs when waves overlap combine, forming a new wave