Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism have been collectively called the three _________.
The legendary founder of Daoism, which means "old master or old child", is _________.
The great classic of Daoism, accepted by most Daoists as a central scripture, is the _______.
C. Three baskets
According to Daoism, the ________ is the origin of everything and all individual things are "manifestations" of it.
One of the stimuli that influences Daioism to take an orgiantional path was_______.
For Confucius, the Dao of primary interests is the Dao within the human world, manifests in _______.
A. Right relationships in a harmonious society.
B. Traditional mountain sites and in heavenly constellations.
C. Natural signs and in symbols.
D. Complex meditation and in universal love.
The Five Great Relationships signify that each person must live up to his or her social status. This has been called the ___________.
A. reflections of names
B. path of righteousness
C. way of gods
The devotion that all members have to their entire family's welfare is __________.
The most authoritative Confucian literature is made of the Five Classics (Wujing) and the _________ Books (Sishu).
The Neo-Confucianist ____________ attempted to formulate a general vision of reality by using notations found in the teachings of Confucius and Mencius.
A. Zhu Xi
C. Mao Zedong
D. Wang Yangming
Dr. Howard reasons for a Confucian Study:
1. Its impact over 2,000 years
2. Its Influence 25% of world's population
3. The big problem of Confucius day is our problem in 2012.
It is often grouped with the major world religions, however, because it is
• A spititual philosophy
• a social ethic
• a political ideology
• a scholarly tradition.
who started a belief (system) in China around the sixth to fifth century B.C.E
How long has Confucianism been followed by Chinese people
2,000 years or two millennia
Confucius is a Latin version of
Fu-Tzu or Kung the Master
How old was Confucius when his father died?
How is Confucius referred to the Chinese people?
The First Teacher
What occupation was Confucius a failure at?
What was The Big Problem Confucius Faced?
SOCIAL Anarchy and Political Violence
Dr. Howard's definition of social anarchy:
The total & blatant disregard for the value, dignity, and worth of a human life.
The 3 Approaches to Social Order:
The Realist Philosophy of Social Order, The Mohistic Philosophy of Social Order, CONFUCIUS' ANSWER TO THE PROBLEM OF SOCIAL ORDER
The Realist Philosophy of Social Order
Hit them what people understand best is force. Spokesperson: Han Fay-Tau
The Mohistic Philosophy of Social Order
Universal love spokesperson: Mo Tzu or Mo Ti
Confucius answer Philosophy of Social Order
five basic relationships between: ruler & subject, father & son, husband & wife, older brother & younger brother, and friend & friend.
Confucius two kinds of traditions:
Spontaneous and Deliberate
The content of Deliberate tradition
Deliberate tradition, unlike spontaneous tradition, requires attention.
The ideal relationship that should exist between people. Reflected in goodness, man-to-man-ness, benevolence, and love, it is best translated as human-heartedness
generates respect for others, and asks not "What can I get from others?" but "what can I do to accommodate others?'
Has two (2) meanings: (a) properiety: the way things should be done; (b) semantics the inquiry into the relation between words, thought, and objective reality.
real Te is the power of moral example
arts of peace as contrasted to the arts of war; to music, art, poetry, and the sum of culture in its aesthetic and spiritual mode.
The most important Confucian literature (aka The Confucian Classics) comprises two sets of books
Five Classics & Four books
THE FIVE CLASSICS
• I Ching (Classics of changes)
• Shu Ching (Classic of history)
• Shih Ching (Classic of poetry)
• LiChi (Collection of rituals)
• Ch'un-ch'iu (Spring and Autum Annals)
• The Analects (contains direct quotations from Confucius himself as told to his disciples and written down by them)
• The Great Learning
• The Mean
• The Book Mencius
the active aspect of reality that expresses itself in speech, light and heat. (male)
the receptive aspect of the universe that expresses itself in silence, darkness, coolness, and rest. (female)
Confucianism recognizes and regulates four life passages
birth, reaching maturity, marriage, and death
At the root is the ritual of respect
: A person must exhibit respect to gain respect.
known as the Confucian intellectual
had great influence on Confucianism and its influence in China
Sought social reform in a society that had become dominated by self-interest, wealth, power, and personal gain
the philosophy of Mencius
man could not be corrupted by wealth.
one of the most eminent of scholars.
human nature is evil and therefore, natural for men to pursue the gratification of their passions.
Hsun-Tzu's stance was
was moral reasoning, law-and-order
Hsun-Tzu Wrote the text
"The art of war"
DIFFERENT SCHOOLS OF CONFUCIANISM
• Han Confucianism
• Contemporary Neo-Confucianism
• Korean Confucianism
• Japanese Confucianism
• Singapore Confucianism
In modern times Confucianism began to decline due to the rise of:
Karl Marx quote:
"Religion is the opiate of the masses"
Dao (Tao; dau)
the mysterious origin of the universe which is present and visible in everything.
the classic scripture of Daoism.
The classical literature of the time proceeding Confucius, including poetry, history and divination.
The Five Classics
The major Confucian books, which include the sayings of Confucius and Mencius
The Four Books
"noble person", the refined human idea of Confucianism.
The legendary founder of Daoism.
The strictest of Chinese philosophical schools, which advocating strong laws and punishments.
Appropriate action, ritual, propriety, etiquette.
A Chinese school of philosophy that taught universal love.
The life force
Empathy, consideration for others, humaneness; a Confucian virtue.
Reciprocity; a Confucian virtue
"No action", "No strain", doing only what comes spontaneously and naturally; effortless.
family devotion, filial piety; a Confucian virtue.
Author of the Zhuangzi, a book of whimsical stories that express themes of early Daoist thoughts