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Cahokia

one of the largest urban centers created by Mississippian peoples, containing 30,000 residents in 1250

Transoceanic migrations

a population migration across oceans

Beringia

a subcontinent bridging Asia and North America, named after the Bering Straits

Athapascan

a people that began to settle the forests in the northwestern area of North America around 5000 B.C.E.

Clovis tradition

a powerful new and sophisticated style of tool making, unlike anything found in the Old World

Pleistocene Overkill

intensified hunting efforts brought on in response to lowered reproduction and survival rates of large animals

Archaic period

the period roughly 10,000 to 2,500 years ago marked by the retreat of glaciers

Clans

groups of allied families

Mesoamerica

the region stretching from central Mexico to Central America

Aztecs

a warrior people who dominated the Valley of Mexico from 1100 to 1521

Rancherias

dispersed settlements of Indian farmers in the Southwest

Kachinas

impersonations of the ancestral spirits by Southwest Indians

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