What did the British trade with China to reverse the unfavorable balance of trade?
strong Indian opium
What was the center of Egyptian administration in the Sudan?
What were the new groups of merchants that developed in China under the relaxed commercial system of the Manchus?
What dynastic name did the Manchus take?
By what time did the shift from preindustrial to industrial imperialism clearly take place?
late 19th century
In what year did the British win the battle of Plassey?
How was the British experience in India different than that of the Dutch in Java?
British were driven by global rivalry with France, and integrated more into India, while Dutch were driven by local threats and opportunities
What were the reasons for imperialism in the following European industrialization?
How would you characterize the incursion of the Dutch East India Company into Java?
Dutch were originally vassals; then tried to get spice monopoly; intervened in succession wars to get land
Where was the earliest example of a European empire built as a result of independent initiative of company agents?
Which European power seized territories of the Ottoman Empire in the early decades of the 18th century?
Who was responsible for the unification of the Manchu tribesmen prior to the invasion of China in the 17th century?
The "dependency theory" of economic development is associated with what political group?
Who was the leader of the liberal rebellion in Mexico called the La Reforma?
What was the result of the rebellion by the Egyptian army officers in 1882?
khedives asked British for help, and the British effectively took over Egypt
Which nation intervened militarily in Mexican politics between 1862 and 1865?
Independent leaders who dominated local areas by force in defiance of national policies and who sometimes seized the national government were caulled?
In what way was the British East India Company's intrusion into India similar to the Dutch entry into Java?
At first, they didn't want to expand, but later allied with natives to get land
What European nation was the first to offer recognition of the newly independent nations of Latin America?
How were the 18th century land empires in Asia accumulated?
Which states were part of Gran Colombia?
Venezuela, Colombia, and Ecuador
What were reasons why India became the pivot of the Great British Empire?
greatest number of colonized people, and Indians were used as the police
During what decade did European countries reduce much of Africa, Asia, and the Pacific to the colonial possessions?
The later representatives of the British East India Company who were corrupt and wanted to secure their own wealth were referred to as?
By what date had all of Spanish South America gained its independence?
In what century did most Latin American countries achieve their independence?
In what way was the government of independent Brazil different from those in other newly created Latin American nations?
Who was the person responsible for the independence movements in Argentina and Chile?
Jose de San Martin
Simon Bolivar was responsible for the independence movements where?
Who was proclaimed the 1st emperor of Mexico?
Augustin de Iturbide
In what way was Latin America different from the other regions that remained outside of the direct controls of Western imperialism?
faced different problems; cast off colonial controls through revolution
What group within the Ottoman Empire actually suffered as a result of the Tanzimat reforms?
What group was responsible for the overthrow of the Ottoman sultanate in 1908?
What nation's invasion of Egypt in 1798 signaled the beginning of the European penetration of the Islamic heartland?
What beliefs are associated with the concepts of "modernization" and "Westernization"?
democracy; industrialization/urbanization=social improvement; develop by increasing per capita production
The Spanish-American War broke out in 1898 and was centered where?
Cuba and Puerto Rico
What reforms resulted from the coup in the Ottoman Empire in 1908?
restoration of constitution and press freedoms; promise of education, administrative, feminist reforms
What was the purpose of the Monroe Doctrine?
tell Europe "hands off" North America
What Ottoman sultanate successfully eliminated the Janissary corps as a military and political influence?
How would you describe the Ottoman Empire by the 1870's?
driven from Balkans, Tanzimat reforms=westernization?
By 1801, what ruler had succeeded in establishing dominance over Egypt?
What prevented Muhammad Ali from overthrowing the Ottoman Empire?
The khedival government of Egypt was threatened in 1882 by a rebellion of Egyptian military officers under which leader?
What European nation supported the Ottoman Empire in order to prevent other European powers from gaining access to the Mediterranean?
What nation replaced Spain prior to 1850 as the dominant economic force in Latin America?
What colonies were examples of White Dominions?
Canada, Australia, Chile, Argentina
Prior to 1902, what type of colony was South Africa?
combination of tropical dependency and white settlement colony
The victory of the forces of the British East India Company over the French gave them direct control over what?
The territories controlled by the British East India Company expanded concurrently with the collapse of which Empire?
Who was the British commander during the military victories over the French in India in the 18th century?