a preliminary introduction to a statute or constitution (usually explaining its purpose)
Amending The Constitution
requirements to be president
35 years old, natural-born citizen, US resident for 14 years
requirements to be in senate
At least 30yrs old, 9yrs citizen
Must be a legal resident of state he/she represents
requirements to be in supreme court
no age requirement, no certain amount of years to live in the U.S., or certain residence, term lasts for life
term for senators
term for reps.
checks and balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
the branch of the United States government responsible for the administration of justice
the branch of the United States government that is responsible for carrying out the laws
the branch of the United States government that has the power of legislating
presidential power to stop a bill from becoming a law by rejecting it
review by a court of law of actions of a government official or entity or of some other legally appointed person or body or the review by an appellate court of the decision of a trial court
the way in which changes are added to the Constitution
an amendment to the Constitution of the United States guaranteeing the right of free expression
Right to Bear Arms
The government may not house soldiers in private homes without consent of the owner
protects you from unreasonable search and seizure of your home and property
an amendment to the Constitution of the United States that imposes restrictions on the government's prosecution of persons accused of crimes
the constitutional amendment designed to protect individuals accused of crimes. It includes the right to counsel, the right to confront witnesses, and the right to a speedy and public trial.
The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
an amendment to the Constitution of the United States adopted in 1868
gave african american men the right to vote
Allows the federal government to collect income tax.
allowed americans to vote directly for U.S senators
an amendment to the Constitution of the United States adopted in 1920
granted women the right to vote in 1920
repealed the 18th Amendment in 1933
Passed in 1951, the amendment that limits presidents to two terms of office.
It outlawed taxing voters, i.e. poll taxes, at presidential or congressional elections, as an effort to remove barriers to Black voters.
A 1967 amendment to the Constitution that establishes procedures for filling presidential and vice presidential vacancies and makes provisions for presidential disability.
an amendment to the US constituion, adoped in 1971 and lowering the voting age from 21 to 18
Requirements to be in a house of Reps.
The length of term is; Two Years.
Minimum age is;25
Many rules, more formal
Term for Presidents
How a justice to Sup. Court is appointed
The President nominates new members to the Supreme Court, but the Senate must approve the nomination by a majority vote. This is part of the system of checks and balances that is supposed to prevent abuse of power