love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it pg.27
right of inheritance belongs exclusively to the eldest son pg.28
an economic arrangement by which a number of investors pool their capital for investment pg.28
a document incorporating an institution and specifying its rights pg.28
a period count of the population pg.31
pg.34, the social and economic arrangement under which people are paid for protection and farming privleges by giving goods and services to an overlord
Laborer who agreed to work without pay for a certain period of time in exchange for passage to America pg.34
The acceptance of different beliefs pg.34
someone who settles on land without right or title pg.40
in politics, a small territory or state between two larger, antagonistic powers and intended to minimize the possibility of conflict between them. pg.41
a society in which various racial, ethnic, and cultural groups were blended together pg.41
After decades of religious turmoil, Protestantism finally gained permanent dominance in England after the succession to the throne of...
Queen Elizabeth the I
Imperial England and English soldiers developed a contemptuous attitude toward natives partly through their colonizing experiences in...
England's victory over the Spanish Armada gave it...
dominance of the Atlantic Ocean and a vibrant sense of nationalism
At the time of the first colonization efforts, England...
was undergoing rapid economic and social transformations
Many of the early Puritan settlers of America were...
uprooted sheep farmers from eastern and western England
England's first colony at Jamestown...
was saved from failure by John Smith's leadership by John Rolfe's introduction of tobacco
Representative government was first introduced to America in the colony of...
One important difference between the founding of the Virginia and Maryland colonies was that...
Virginia was founded mainly as an economic venture, while Maryland was intended partly to secure religious freedom for persecuted Roman Catholics
After the Act of Toleration in 1649, Maryland provided religious freedom for all...
Protestants and Catholics
The primary reason that no new colonies were founded between 1634 and 1670 was...
the civil war in England
The early conflicts between English settlers and the Indians near Jamestown laid the basis for...
the forced separation of the Indians into the separate territories of the "reservation system."
In colonial English-Indian relations, the term "middle ground" referred to...
the cultural zone where Indians and whites were forced to accomadate one another by shared practices that included intermarriage
After the defeat of the coastal Tuscarora and Yamasee Indians by North Carolinians in 1711--1715...
the powerful Creeksm Cherokees, and Iroquois remained in the Appalachian Mountains as a barrier against white settlement
Most of the early white settlers in North Carolina were...
religious dissenters and poor whites fleeing aristcratic Virginia
The high-minded philanthropists who founded the Georgia colony were especially interested in the causes of...
prison reform and avoiding slavery
Nation where English Protestant rulers employed brutal tactics against the local Catholic population
Island colony founded by Sir Walter Raleigh that mysteriously disappeared in the 1580s
Naval invaders defeated by English "sea dogs" in 1588
Forerunner of the modern corporation that enabled investors to pool financial capital for colonial ventures
Name of two wars, fought in 1614 and 1644, between the English in Jamestown and the nearby Indian leader
the harsh system of Barados laws governing African labor officially adopted by South Carolina in 1696
royal document granting a specified group the right to form a colony and guaranteeing settlers their right to form
penniless people obligated to forced labor for a fixed number of years, often in exchange for passage to the New World or other benefits
powerful Indian confederation of New Yor and the Great Lakes area comprised of several peoples (not the Algonquins)
poor farmers in North Carolina and elsewhere who occupied land and raised crops without gaining legal title to the soil
term for a colony under direct control of the English crown
the primary staple crop of early Virginia, Maryland, and North Carolina
the only southern colony with a slave majority
the primary plantation crop of South Carolina
a melting-pot town in early colonial Georgia
founded as a haven for Roman Catholics
Indian leader who ruled tribes in the James River area of Virginia
harsh military governor of Virginia who employed "Irish tactics" against the Indians
Lord Da La Warr
British West Indian sugar colonies where large-scale plantations and slavery took root
Jamaica and Barbados
founded as a refuge for debtors by philanthropists
Colony that was called "a vale of humility between two mountains of conceit"
The unmarried ruler who led England to national glory
the Catholic aristocrat who sought to build a sanctuary for his fellow believers
the failed "lost colony" founded by Sir Walter Raleigh
Riverbank site where Virginia company settlers planted the first permanent English colony
Colony that established a House of Burgesses in 1619
Leaders who rescued Jamestown colonists from the "starving time"
Smith and Rolfe
Elizabethan courtiers who failed in their attempts to found New World colonies
Raleigh and Gilbert
Philanthropic soldier-statesman who founded the Georgia colony
colony that turned to disease-resistant African slaves for labor in its extensive rice plantations
the English victory over the Spanish Armada enabled...
enabled England to gain control of the North-Atlantic sea lanes
the English law of primogeniture led...
led many younger sons of the gentry to seek their fortunes in exploration and colonization
the enclosing of Englsh pastures and cropland forced...
forced numerous laborers off the land and sent them looking for opportunities elsewhere
Lord De La Warr's brutal use of "Irish tactics" in Virginia led to...
led to the two Anglo-Powhaten Wars that virtually exterminated Virginia's Indian population
the English government's persecution of Roman Catholics led...
led Lord Baltimore to establish the Maryland colony
the slave codes of England's Barbados colony became...
became the legal basis for slavery in America
John Smith's stern leadership in Virginia forced...
gold-hungry colonists to work and saved them from total starvation
the English settlers' near-destruction of small Indian tribe contributed to...
contributed to the formation of powerful Indian coalitions like the Iroquois an the Algonquins
the flight of poor farmers and religious dissenters from planter-run Virginia led to..
led to the founding of the independent-minded North Carolina colony
Georgia's unhealthy climate, restrictions on slavery, and vulnerability to Spanish attacks kept...
kept the buffer colony poor and largely unpopulated for a long time