Ap human geography chapter 11 terms

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15 terms

Break-of-bulk point

location where transfer among transportation modes is possible

Bulk-gaining industry

makes something that gains volume or weight during production

Bulk-reducing industry

Economic activity in which the final product weighs less than its inputs.

Cottage industry

Manufacturing based in homes rather than in a factory, commonly found before the Industrial Revolution.

Fordist

a highly organized and specialized system for organizing industrial production and labor, named after the automobile producer Henry Ford; uses assembly line production of standardized components

Industrial revolution

Transformed how goods are produced in a society and the way people obtain food, clothing, and shelter

Labor-intensive industry

An industry for which labor costs make up a high percentage of total expenses.

Maquiladora

Factories built by US companies in Mexico near the US border to take advantage of much lower labor costs in Mexico.

New international division of labor

Selective transfer of skilled jobs in MDCs to LDCs that still allow skilled jobs to exist in MDCs.

Post-Fordist

More flexible work rules allowing relatively skilled workers to master a wider variety of assignments .

Right-to-work state

Southeastern states, have laws preventing a union and company from negotiating a contract that requires workers to join a union.

Situation factors

Location factor that involves transporting materials to and from a factory. A form seeks to minimize the cost of transporting to the factory and finished goods to the customers.

Site factors

A location factor that results from the unique characteristics of a location. Land, labor, and capital are the three traditional production factors that may vary among locations.

Textile

Woven fabrics.

Trading bloc

A group of neighboring countries that promote trade with each other and erect barriers to limit trade with other blocs, eg. western hemisphere, western Europe, and east Asia

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