Chapter 11 Sections 3 and 4 Key Terms and People

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Mr. Sowers, CVMS--AM, Period 3

Transportation Revolution

A period of rapid growth in the speed and convenience of travel because of new methods of transportation in the 1800s, which created a boom in business across the country

Robert Fulton

An American that built the first full-sized commercial steamboat, the Clermont, which successfully traveled against the current up the Hudson River without trouble on August 9, 1807

Clermont

The first full-sized commercial steamboat

Gibbons v. Ogden

An 1824 Supreme Court case in which the Court reinforced the federal government's authority to regulate trade between the states by ending monopolistic control over waterways in several states

Peter Cooper

An American that built a small but powerful locomotive, the Tom Thumb, in 1830 and raced it against a horse-drawn railcar

Samuel F. B. Morse

An American that, by studying electricity and magnetism, developed and perfected the telegraph in 1832

telegraph

A device that could send information over wires across great distances

Morse code

A system in which different combinations of dots and dashes represent each letter of the alphabet

John Deere

A blacksmith that invented the steel plow in 1837 and by 1846 was selling 1,000 plows per year

Cyrus McCormick

An inventor that developed the mechanical reaper (which quickly and efficiently cut down wheat) in 1831 and used new methods--including advertisement, demonstrations, a repair and spare parts department, and a system of credit--to encourage sales

Isaac Singer

An inventor that improved Elias Howe's invention of a sewing machine and who, by 1860, had become the world's largest maker of sewing machines

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