AP Lit poetry terms quiz

56 terms by syllybilly 

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alliteration

repetition of consonant sounds at the BEGINNING of several words or in a phrase

allusion

a reference to another literary work

anaphora

the deliberate repetition of a phrase or word at the beginning of successive clauses or stanzas

anadiplosis

the repetition of the final words of a line at the beginning of the next

apostrophe

a poem that directly addresses a person or thing that is absent

appositive

A word or phrase that follow a noun or pronoun for emphasis or clarity

assonance

effect created when words with the same vowel are used near each other

consonance

effect created when words with the same consonant sound but different vowel sounds are used near each other

sibilance

the use of consonants characterized by a hissing sound

asyndeton

a list of words or phrases without conjunctions

blank verse

a poem that employs a meter but not a rhyme scheme

caesura

the break in the flow of sound in poetry

chiasmus

a statement consisting of two parallel parts in which the second part is structurally reversed ("Susan walked in, and out rushed Mary.")

conceit

a complex and elaborate metaphor

connotation

evokes emotions and ideas beyond the literal meaning of the word

denotation

the dictionary meaning of the word

diction

the selection of words in a literary work that imply theme, attitude, and values

end stopped line

the end of a phrase on a line

enjambment

the continuation of a word or phrase over the next line

epithet

adjective expressing quality or attribute

euphemism

a mild or indirect substituted phrase for an embarrassing or blunt expression

form

the structural components of a poem

free verse

a poem without a regular meter or rhyme

heroic couplet

a pair of rhyming lines in iambic pentameter

hyperbole

an extreme exaggeration

imagery

descriptions used to evoke mood, atmosphere, and tension

irony

an intention, outcome, or meaning opposite of that intended or stated

metaphor

a comparison between essentially unalike things without the use of the words "like" or "as"

metaphysical

a type of poetry that stresses intellect over emotion (contains a striking comparisons and a persuasive stance)

meter

the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a poem

metonymy

a figure of speech in which a closely related term is substituted for an idea or object

personification

when inanimate objects are given human-like qualities

polysyndeton

using several conjunctions in close succession(as in 'he ran and jumped and laughed for joy')

rhyme

the same syllable sounds at the end of 2 or more lines

scansion

the metrical analysis of a poem

simile

a comparison involving the words "like" or "as"

speaker

the narrator of a poem

stanza

the unit of a poem that is repeated in the same form

symbol

an object that on the surface is its literal self but also has another meaning

synecdoche

A figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole (as hand for sailor), the whole for a part (as the law for police officer), the specific for the general (as cutthroat for assassin), the general for the specific (as thief for pickpocket), or the material for the thing made from it (as steel for sword).

synesthesia

describing one kind of sensation in terms of another ("a loud color", "a sweet sound")

syntax

the grammatical order and organization of words, phrases, and clauses within a sentence

tone

the attitude of the writer toward the subject or characters

understatement

a statement that is restrained in ironic contrast to what might have been said

verisimilitude

the quality of appearing to be true, real, likely, or probable

versification

the structural form of a verse as revealed by scansion

lyric

a short poem that focuses on the compression and expression of emotion

ballad

a narrative poem made up of four-line stanzas that tends to be directly narrated

ode

a poem usually addressed to a particular person, object or event that has stimulated deep and noble feelings in the poet

villanelle

a short poem of fixed form, written in tercets, usually five in number, followed by a final quatrain, all being based on two rhymes.

sestina

6 six-line stanzas ending with tercet; last words of each line in 1st stanza are repeated as last words in next stanza

sonnet

14 line poem in iambic pentameter

epigram

a brief poem that is often witty

elegy

a poem expressing lament for the dead

aubade

a poem about dawn; a morning love song; or a poem about the parting of lovers at dawn

ekphrastic

related to a literary description of or response to a visual work of art

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