The suspicious attitude of the national press toward public officials.
The current era of media coverage that seizes upon any bit of information that might raise doubts about the qualifications or character of a public official.
*background story (news)
A tactic by government officials to win journalistic friends. The official discusses current policy on condition that the source of the information not be identified by name.
Reporters' keeping sources of their stories secret..
*equal time rule
An FCC regulation requiring that if a station sells time to one candidate seeking an office, it must sell time to the opposing candidate as well.
An FCC rule, abolished in 1987, that required broadcasters to give time to opposing views if they broadcast one side of a controversial issue.
A type of news story that involves a public event not routinely covered by reporters and that requires a reporter to take initiative to select the story and persuade an editor to run it.
Federal Communications Commission
An agency of the federal government with authority to develop regulations for the broadcast media.
The role played by the media in influencing what subjects become national political issues and for how long.
A type of news story that involves information not usually made public which requires investigative work on the part of a reporter or a leak by some public official.
The use of words to persuade people of something without actually making a clear argument for it.
The area reached by a station's television signal.
The attitude of a person who ignores messages from radio or television which do not agree with his or her existing beliefs.
A journalist who investigates the activities of public officials and organizations, especially business firms, seeking to expose and publicize misconduct or corruption.
Newspapers created, sponsored, and controlled by political parties to further their interests.
*political editorializing rule
A regulation of the FCC providing a candidate with the right to respond if a broadcaster endorses the opposing candidate.
Self-supporting daily newspapers aimed at a mass readership.
Government censorship by forbidding publication of the information.
A regulation by the FCC permitting a person the right to respond if attacked on a broadcast other than a regular news program.
A type of news story that involves a public event regularly covered by reporters.
The role played by the national media in keeping track of and helping make political reputations.
Perceiving only what one wants to perceive from television or radio reporting.
A video clip used on nightly newscasts. The average length of such clips has decreased, making it harder for candidates to get their message across.
A tactic by an anonymous source to float a policy to ascertain public reaction before the policy is actually proposed.
The role played by the national media in investigating political personalities and exposing scandals.
The use of sensationalism to attract a large readership for a newspaper.
*ad hoc structure
A method in which the president organizes the White House staff by employing task forces, committees, and informal groups of friends. All have direct access to the president.
Budget Reform Act of 1974
A congressional effort to control presidential impoundments. It requires, among other things, that the president spend all appropriated funds.
The heads of the fourteen major executive departments who meet to discuss matters with the president.
A method in which the president organizes the White House staff so that they reporting directly to the president.
The representative is expected to act in accord with the preferences of her/his constituents.
A form of democracy in which the people legislate for themselves.
A government in which one party controls the presidency and a different party controls one or both houses of Congress.
Formally selects the President based on who has the most votes and is decided per-state based on that state's Senators and Representatives.
Federal agencies inside the executive branch but not in the cabinet.
Executive Office of the President
Executive agencies that report directly to the president and whose purpose is to perform staff services for the president.
A claim by the president that consultations with advisers are confidential and need not be disclosed to the courts or Congress.
A form of indictment voted by the House of Representatives, requires 2/3'rds vote from the Senate.
Powers not specified in the Constitution which the president claims. These powers are asserted by virtue of office.
The refusal of the president to spend money appropriated by Congress.
Federal agencies that are part of the executive branch but outside the structure of cabinet departments.
A politician whose power has been diminished because he or she is about to leave office as a result of electoral defeat or statutory limitation.
A method by which Congress delegates authority to the executive branch while retaining oversight power.
This allows the president to approve some provisions of a bill and disapprove others.
Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
Assembles and analyzes the national budget submitted to Congress by the president.
A short form of the term "perquisites," meaning the fringe benefits of office.
A way for the POTUS to disprove congressional bills by not signing the bill while Congress has adjourned.
The charismatic power of a president which enables congressional candidates of the same party to ride into office on the strength of the president's popularity. This influence has declined in recent elections.
The head of government in a parliamentary system, chosen by the legislature.
A method in which the president organizes the White House staff so that assistants report through a hierarchy to a chief of staff.
A form of government in which the people elect representatives to act on their behalf.
Presidential recommendations to cut parts of appropriations bills.
The representative acts on his or her judgment, and then explains those judgments to the people.
1967 Amendment stating the vice president is to become president whenever the current president declares himself unable to fulfill his duties.
A constitutional amendment ratified in 1951 which limits presidents to two terms of office.
A government in which the same party controls the presidency and both houses of Congress.
A statement the president sends to Congress accompanying a refusal to sign a bill passed by both houses.
White House Office
Personal assistants to the president with offices in the White House.