Chapter 1.2

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recognize arguments

conditional

if/then statement

antecedent

the component of a conditional statement immediately following the word if

consequent

the component of a conditional statement immediately following the word

sufficient condition

the condition represented by the antecedent in a conditional statement.

necessary condition

the condition represented by the consequent in a conditional statement.

passage that contains an argument must contain a claim that something is supported by evidence or reasons.

true

an argument, the claim that something is supported by evidence or reasons is always explicit.

false

Passages that contain indicator words such as "thus," "since," and "because" are always arguments

false

in deciding whether a passage contains an argument, we should always keep an eye out for indicator words and the presence of an inferential relationship between the statements.

true

some expository passages can be correctly interpreted as arguments.

true

passages containing "for example" can be correctly interpreted as arguments.

true

In deciding whether an expository passage or an illustration should be interpreted as an argument, it helps to note whether the claim being developed or illustrated is one that is accepted by everyone

true

Some conditional statements can be reexpressed to form arguments.. 10. In an explanation, the explanans is the statement or group of statements that does the explaining.

true

In an explanation, the explanandum usually describes an accepted matter of fact

true

10. In an explanation, the explanans is the statement or group of statements that does the explaining.

true

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