A portion of an abdominal organ that has passed through a tear in the diaphram into the thoracic cavity.
It leads to hemorrhage, resulting in hypovolemic shock.
It leads to spillage of the contents of these organs into the abdominal cavity, resulting in peritonitis.
6 True/False Questions
What organs are in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen? → pancreas, spleen, stomach, kidney
What organs are in the left lower quadrant of the abdomen? → pancreas, spleen, stomach, kidney
A patient with a stab wound in the anterior abdomen 3-4 inches inferior to the umbilicus probably would have an injury of the: → small intestine, urinary bladder
A male patient slipped and "straddled" the top of a fence over which he was attempting to climb. He has a swollen, blue-red scrotum and bruising that extends to the medial aspects of both thighs. You should suspect injury to what structure? → Rapid, shallow breathing; rapid pulse rate; left upper quadrant pain radiating to the left shoulder
A patient has penetrating trauma to the right lateral chest below the nipple line. What injuries would you suspect? → Appendix
What is Cullen's sign? → Ecchymosis around the umbilicus, which is associated with bleeding into the abdominal cavity, pancreatitis, and ectopic pregnancy.