history 1301- chp 9

32 terms by jmdotts

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"Manifest Destiny" was:

that the United States had a God-given mission to expand westward.

The 1825 completion of the 363-mile Erie Canal connected:

the Great Lakes with New York City.

What 1793 invention spurred the rise of the Cotton Kingdom and fueled demand for slaves?

cotton gin

Which was not an innovation associated with the market revolution of the first half of the nineteenth century?

telephones

American industrialization first took off in

New England.

During the first half of the 1800s, the U.S. economy experienced explosive growth in output and trade, and a rise in the standard of living for millions of Americans. This dynamic and expansive growth was, in part, a consequence of the rise of factories, a transportation revolution via canal and rail, a communications revolution spurred by invention of the telegraph, increasing agricultural yields and the mechanization of farm equipment, a rising prosperity for financial institutions, and larger cities. Historians call this new economy:

the market revolution or market economy.

"Slave coffles . . . became a common sight." Define "coffles":

groups chained to one another

In the period between 1820 and 1840, what two states combined saw the biggest spread (increase) in cotton cultivation?

Louisiana and Mississippi

Which of the following destroyed Henry David Thoreau's commune with nature?

a train

Early New England textile mills relied largely on the labor of:

women and children.

America's first successful factory was established in 1790 by:

Samuel Slater at Pawtucket, Rhode Island.

Which of the following was not a key difference between traditional artisan production and the new factory system?

Artisans generally labored under closer supervision than did factory workers.

Which was not an element of the Second Great Awakening?

It emphasized predestination and the importance of each soul as being in the hands of an angry God.

Which of the following was not a mounting source of concern over the effects of the market revolution?

America's failure to attract many newcomers from Europe

Ralph Waldo Emerson was which of the following?

a transcendentalist

Which of the following was not a feature of westward expansion during the early to mid-1800s?

Cities had no significant presence in the expanding West.

What effect did the Embargo of 1807 have on manufacturing in the United States?

stimulated its growth

The "American system of manufactures":

was the mass production of interchangeable parts into rapidly built, standardized products.

The Second Great Awakening was:

a popular religious revival that swept the country in the early 1800s.

Which of the following was not a key difference between traditional artisan production and the new factory system?

Artisans generally labored under closer supervision than did factory workers.

Which of the following was not an innate characteristic of women, according to the "cult of domesticity"?

analytical insight

Democracy in America was written by

Alexis de Tocqueville.

Of the following projects, New York City's commercial ascent was owed chiefly to

the Erie Canal.

Which of the following was not a mounting source of concern over the effects of the market revolution?

America's failure to attract many newcomers from Europe

Chicago's spectacular growth between 1830 and 1860 was principally due to:

railroads.

Which of the following series of events is listed in proper sequence?

work begun on National Road; steamboat introduced on Mississippi River; work begun on Erie Canal; work begun on Baltimore and Ohio Railroad

Which of the following destroyed Henry David Thoreau's commune with nature?

a train

Which was not an aspect of women's changing role in the context of the expansive and dynamic growth of the market economy in nineteenth century America?

In the new, competitive, capitalist marketplace, women were to grow increasingly into captains of industry, becoming leaders of some of the nation's most important industries.

American industrialization first took off in

New England

Which of the following was not a significant trend in American thought during the market revolution?

a belief that one's spiritual salvation was purely a matter of chance

For Ralph Waldo Emerson, freedom was:

an open-ended process of self-realization by which individuals could remake themselves.

The court case in which it was held that workers' unions are not illegal was:

Commonwealth v. Hunt.

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