History of Fire Prevention

Created by Suznf 

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40 terms · Reviews the history of fire prevention.

ordinance

n: a law or rule made by a government or authority; a regulation, law, decree, or rule, especially one issued by a city of town

thatch

a house roof made with a plant material (as straw)

prohibit

To forbid by law or order

alteration

n. Change or modification.

confiscate

Taken without permission or consent especially by public authority

comply

to do as one is asked or ordered

by-laws

a set of rules of procedure (how things are done, when they're done)

place of assembly

A location where a group or groups of people may gather together for a common purpose.

comprehensive

including all or everything

fire escape

a stairway (often on the outside of a building) that permits emergency exit in the case of fire

fine

money extracted as a penalty

inspection

the act of looking carefully and closely

flame retardant

adj. Resistant to catching fire.

municipality

a city or other district that has local self government

jurisdiction

Area or territory over which legal power extends

stringent

severe; constricted; tight

industrial facilities

Warehouses, factories, land in industrial districts, and power plants

ammonium nitrate

used as an explosive and fertilizer and rocket propellant

conflagration

n. A great fire, as of many buildings, a forest, or the like.

water main

main (a pipe or conduit) for conveying water

earthquake

a shaking or sliding of the ground. It is caused by the sudden movement of masses of rock along a fault or by changes in the size and shape of masses of rock far beneath the earth's surface.

penitentiary

a public institution in which offenders against the law are confined to detention or punishment

hotel

A building with bedrooms where travelers can pay to stay. A building where travelers can pay for lodging and meals and other services

fire code

set of standards established and enforced by government for fire prevention and safety in case of fire as in fire escapes etc, set of standards established and enforced by government for fire prevention and safety in case of fire and emergencies. Maintenance code. Applies to existing structures only.

building code

set of standards established and enforced by local government for the structural safety of buildings. Provides life safety. Used in buildings under construction.

school

a building where young people receive education

combustible

Capable of catching fire or burning

nursing home

a live-in facility that provides medical care, food, and social activities

mercantile

a term used to describe a general store

hospital

a medical institution where sick or injured people are given medical or surgical care

restaurant

a building where people go to eat

kitchen

a room equipped for preparing meals

Winecoff hotel problem

open stairwells

noncombustible

not capable of igniting and burning

Nursing home & hotel problems

Construction deficiencies, the lack of an automatic sprinkler system

Problems in schools

Open stairways, construction materials, blocked/locked exits, Christmas tree, improper gas installation

Ohio State Penitentiary fire of April 21, 1930

Killed 320 prisoners locked in their cells.

Problems in industrial facilities

locked & blocked exits, broken standpipes, ammonium nitrate, partial sprinklers systems and undivided floor area.

standpipe system

pipes that run the height of the building and provide water outlets at each floor for firefighters to connect hoses

Problems in nightclubs & places of assembly

inadequate fire separations, missing or incomplete automatic sprinklers, inward opening doors, overcrowding, Blocked/locked exits. Exits insufficient capacity crowds. Interior furnishings made of combustible materials.

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