process of legally adding land area to a city.
Concentric zone model
model created by EW Burgess in 1923, which explains that a city grows outward from a central area in a series of concentric rings, like the growth rings on a tree.
density change in an urban area.
city around a beltway that is a node of consumer and business services
process of subdivision of houses and occupancy by successive waves of lower-income people.
process by which middle-class people move into deteriorated inner-city neighborhoods and renovate the housing.
rings of open space. New housing is built in the older suburbs within the rings and planned extensions, small towns, and new towns are built beyond the rings.
MSA (metropolitan statistical area)
area studied using a method created by the US Bureau of the Census that measures the functional area of a city.
MSA (micropolitan statistical area)
smaller urban areas that the census has designated to include in part of their measure.
Multiple nuclei model
model created by CD Harris and EL Ullman in 1945, which explains that a city is a complex structure that includes more than one center around which activities revolve.
model created by Chauncey Harris, which describes how an urban area consists of an inner city surrounded by large suburban residential and business areas tied together by a beltway or ring road.
housing provided to low-income households, who pay 30% of their income as rent for the housing.
drawing of lines on a map to identify areas in which banks will refuse to loan money.
theory developed by land economist Homer Hoyt in 1939, which explains that a city develops in a series of sectors rather than rings.
what US suburbs are characterized by; the progressive spread of development over the landscape.
settlement where a large percentage of poor immigrants to urban areas in LDCs live because of a housing shortage.
what inner-city residents are frequently referred to because they are trapped in an unending cycle of economic and social problems.
something under which cities identify blighted inner-city neighborhoods, acquire the properties from private owners, relocate the residents and businesses, clear the site, and build new roads and utilities.
rules developed in Europe and North America in the 20th century that encouraged spatial separation. They also prevented mixing of land uses within the same district.
An increase in the percentage and in the number of people living in urban settlements.
In the United States, a central city plus its contiguous built-up suburbs.
An area deliniated by the us beureau of the census for which statisitcs are published; in urbanized areas, census tracts correspond roughly to neighborhoods
The four consecutive 15 minute periods in the morning and evening with the heaviest volumes of traffic
Council of Government
A cooperative agency consisting of representatives of local governments in a metropolitan area in the United States.