Theory Exam Terms

40 terms by HongyeX 

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THEORY EXAM TERMS :((((

Allemande

moderately fast, 44, short anacrusis, continuous movement

Italian Courante

fast, 34, 32, 64, short anacrusis, continuous movement

French Courante

fast, 34, 32, 64, short anacrusis, varied rhythm, sometimes changing from 32 to 64 at the cadence point

Minuet

moderate, 34, no anacrusis, graceful

Sarabande

slow, 34, 32, no anacrusis, stately, often ornamented with second beat accented

Gavotte

moderately fast, 22, 44, half-bar anacrusis, rhythmic, sprightly

Gigue

fast, 68, 98, 128, usually a short anacrusis, often contrapuntal

Violin range

G, D, A, E

Viola range

C, G, D, A

Cello range

C, G, D, A

Bass range

E, A, D, G, sounding an octave lower

arco

with the bow

pizzicato

plucked with the fingers

tremolo

bowing back and forth very rapidly to produce a shimmery effect

sul ponticello

bow on or near the bridge

sul tasto

bow on or near the fingerboard

cantando

in a singing style

tenuto

held

piacevole

pleasant, agreeable

portamento

a smooth gliding from one note to another

dolente

sadly, plaintive

doloroso

sadly, plaintive

sotto voce

softly, in an undertone

giocoso

gay, merry

grazioso

gracefully

assai

very

quasi

as if, as it were

scherzando

playfully

subito

suddenly

non troppo

not too much

tempo commodo

at a comfortable speed

tempo giusto

at a consistent speed

l'istesso tempo

at the same speed

grave

slow and solemn

rubato

with some freedom in the time

stringendo

pressing on faster

perdendosi

fading away

smorzando

dying away

rinforzando

reinforcing the tone

pesante

heavily

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