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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. tracheo-esophageal fistula
  2. cyanotic defect
  3. infection of the cord (omphalitis)
  4. lacerations
  5. pneumothorax
  1. a a wound or irregular tear of the flesh
  2. b collapsed lung
  3. c inflammation of the umbilical stump marked by redness, swelling and purulent exudates in sever cases
  4. d decrease blood flow to the lungs. decreased oxygen carried to tissues
  5. e abnormal communication between the trachea and esophagus. air enters the stomach via the fistula causing the stomach to dilate, diaphragm to elevate impeding respirations. When infant eats, liquid may enter trachea causing aspiration, cyanosis

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. sole of foot points medially, forefoot in curving an ankle in postion of toes pointing down and heel pointing up
  2. jaundice manifests in first 24 hours. Always investigate cause and notify doctor
  3. sleepiness, drowsiness, somnolence, or mental sluggishness
  4. congenital defect in which the mouth is unusually small
  5. improper aqueous outflow causes intraocular pressure resulting in vision loss

5 True/False questions

  1. umbilical herniamiddle portion of the esophagus is absent, therefore the superior esophagus ends in a blind pouch


  2. hydrocephalusadnormal smallness of the head; often seen in mental retardation


  3. cleft lip/palateseparation in the oral facial region involving 1 or all of the following: lip, hard palate and soft tissue in the back of the mouth


  4. chemical conjunctivitisresults from an aseptic nature and usually occurs with the induction of silver nitrate which is used prophylactic in the newborn for infectious conjunctivitis


  5. tachypnearapid heart rate. not unusual during the first hour of birth; abnormal if it continues


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