Who is the author of Frankenstein (first and last name)?
NOTE: The first publication read "by anonymous" because the publisher didn't think a book by a female writer would sell.
When was Frankenstein first published?
Written in 1816 and published in 1818
How old was the author when she wrote Frankenstein?
Written when author was 19 and published when she was 21
Where and at what time of year did the author write Frankenstein?
On a cold and rainy summer vacation in Geneva, Switzerland with soon-to-be husband, Percy Shelley and famous Romantic Poet, Lord Byron.
Who suggested the idea of writing ghost stories while on vacation with the author?
Lord Byron, famous Romantic Poet
How did the author get the idea for the novel Frankenstein? Provide at least one source of inspiration mentioned in the book's introduction.
- German ghost stories
- Listening to the men in her group talk about scientific experiments (e.g., Darwin's Theory of Evolution)
- Dreamed about the moment the creature comes to life
In the introduction of the book, what central theme (main idea) does the author say she most wanted to address?
Man trying to play God
What is the book Frankenstein's subtitle and why?
Frankenstein: The Modern Prometheus
Victor Frankenstein is compared to the Greek Titan Prometheus who is credited with creating humans, giving them fire (after stealing it from Zeus), and being punished (chained to a rock, where a giant eagle pecked away at his liver each dayds). Similarly, Victor Frankenstein created the creature/monster, played with fire (thinking he could create life like God), and was punished.
Who is the explorer who rescues Victor at the beginning of the novel?
Where does the story begin?
On Robert Walton's ship in the Arctic
Who does Walton write to?
His sister, Margaret Saville, who lives in London with her husband and children.
What is Robert Walton obsessed with?
Reaching and studying the North Pole
Where do Victor Frankenstein and his family live?
Who is Victor's mother (not enough to say Mrs. Frankenstein)?
How does Victor Frankenstein's mother die?
Who is Victor Frankenstein's close childhood friend?
How many brothers does Victor Frankenstein have and what are their names?
Victor has two younger brothers:
- William, the youngest (murdered at age 6)
- Ernest, who is six years younger than Victor and the only surviving Frankenstein
Who is Victor Frankenstein's cousin and sister by adoption?
Who is Victor Frankenstein's father (not enough to say Mr. Frankenstein)?
What field of study does Victor Frankenstein become fascinated with at around 13 or 14?
Alchemy / Natural Philosophy
How does William die?
The creature/monster strangles him in the woods outside Geneva.
Who is falsely accused, convicted, and executed for William's murder?
Where does Victor Frankenstein go to college?
The University of Ingolstadt in Germany
Why doesn't Henry attend college with Victor?
His father wants him to work as a merchant in the family business
Who is the exiled and blind old man forced to live in poverty somewhere in Germany with his two children?
Who is the main narrator in Volume II of Frankenstein?
The creature's/monster's POV
How many people does the creature/monster murder?
Three (William, Elizabeth and Henry)
What are the names of the blind old man's two children?
Felix and Agatha
Who is Felix's fiance who arrives at the cottage and cheers up the family?
What does the creature/monster do to help the poor family living in the cottage?
Chops wood for them to cook and stay warm
Who is responsible for the DeLacey family's exile?
Why does Felix return to Paris after helping Safie and her father?
His father and sister were thrown in jail because Felix helped Safie's father escape from prison. Felix, Agatha and his father are kept in prison for three months.
Why was Safie's father unjustly accused of a crime and imprisoned?
Probably due to racial and religious prejudice--he is a Turkish Muslim living in a Christian society
What short and conceited university professor ridicules Victor Frankenstein's previous, self-directed studies?
What Chemistry professor supports Victor Frankenstein's pursuit of Natural Philosophy and becomes his mentor?
What is the name of the Irish magistrate who helps get Victor released from prison in Volume III?
How does Victor's father die?
He dies from grief after Elizabeth's murder
Where does Victor's family go to find relief from their grief over William's murder and Justine's death?
Their country house in Belrive, Switzerland
When Victor first leaves for the university, what is his main objective/desire?
To study how to prevent death (probably due to his sorrow over his mother's recent death)
As Victor rises to the top of his field at the university, what becomes his new/revised obsession?
To discover the secret of life and create a new and noble race
Where does Victor Frankenstein collect materials to create his creature/monster?
Graveyards, slaughterhouses, and disecting rooms
Why does Victor immediately run away from the creature/monster as soon as it is brought to life?
He is horrified by the creature's hideous appearance
In Volumes I and II, to whom does Victor tell his secret--that he brought a creature to life?
After William's death, where does Victor see (but not speak to) the creature/monster?
In the woods outside Geneva where William was found murdered
After William is murdered, why doesn't Victor immediately tell his family that he suspects the creature did it?
Victor is afraid no one will believe him and may think he is crazy
When the creature/monster finds Victor hiking alone in the Alps, he kindly asks Victor to do what?
Come to a remote cabin on the mountain and listen to his story
What does the creature first eat?
What bothers the creature most in the early days of his existence?
Similar to a newborn infant, his senses are overwhelmed with all the new sights (light), sounds (tries to imitate the birds), and feelings (cold and hungry).
What are the first two things the creature/monster learns about fire?
Brings warmth but also hurts him--later learns it makes some foods taste better
What happens to the creature/monster when he innocently enters a village in search of food?
The villagers scream and throw stones at him
Where does the creature/monster find shelter?
In a hovel/hut attached to a poor family's cottage. (He peers at them through a whole in the wood.)
How does the creature/monster learn to SPEAK?
He listens to the DeLacey family interact.
How does the creature/monster learn to READ?
He listens as Felix teaches Safie to read--learns about the history of the human race.
Name TWO of the three books the creature/monster finds in a briefcase in the woods.
- Paradise Lost
- Plutarch's Lives
- Sorrows of Werter
What TWO characters in Milton's "Paradise Lost" does the creature/monster compare himself to and why?
(1) Adam -- Like Adam, the creature was made/created, not born
(2) Satan -- Like Satan, the creature was rejected by his maker; however, Satan had companions, while the creature has none.
After telling Victor his story, what does the creature/monster demand that Victor do for him?
Create a female companion for him
How does the creature/monster learn he is ugly?
Sees his reflection in a pool of water
How does the creature/monster learn about how he was created?
Finds Victor's journal in the pocket of his cloak and reads it
Why does the creature/monster decide to reveal himself to the old blind man?
He is lonely and because the old man is blind, he thinks he won't be prejudiced by his looks
What does the old man's family do when they return and find the creature in their cottage?
Safie screams and runs away, Agatha faints, and Felix beats the creature with a stick
What does the creature do when the DeLacey family flees?
He burns down their cottage and vows revenge against his creator (Victor)
What injustice happens to the creature in the woods as he travels to Switzerland to find and confront Victor?
He saves a girl from drowning and is shot in the shoulder by her father
What does the creature want when he first sees and stops William?
He wants the boy to be his companion--thinks the boy is too young to fear his looks
Why does the creature/monster kill William?
William says his father is "the magistrate, Mr. Frankenstein" and the creature thinks he is talking about Victor, his creator and enemy
Who wrote "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner"?
Samuel Taylor Coleridge, who is the co-founder of the British Romanticism literary movement along with William Wordsworth, who wrote "Tintern Abbey"
What thoughtless act does the ancient mariner regret?
Shooting an albatross with his bow and arrow for no reason
What two similar themes are found in both Frankenstein and "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner"?
- Love all creatures (great and small)
- Consequences of thoughtless behavior
Who is accused of murdering Henry Clerval?
What is the verdict at Victor's hearing/trial in Ireland?
Not Guilty / Found Innocent
Where does Victor go to create a female monster?
The remote Orkney Islands in Scotland
What does the creature/monster say to Victor when he destroys the unfinished female creature?
"I will see you on your wedding night."
What did the creature want most from humans?
Friendship / Companionship
Why does Victor travel with Henry to England and then Scotland?
To speak to Natural Philosophy specialists and secretly make a female creature/monster
Where does Robert Walton find Victor Frankenstein in the beginning of the novel?
Stranded on a block of ice in the Arctic
How does Victor Frankenstein get close to Robert Walton's ship?
He breaks apart his dog sled and uses the wood as oars
Who nurses Victor back to health when he falls sick with fever right after creating the monster?
What do Alphonse and Elizabeth assume is the source of Victor's unhappiness?
They think he's changed his mind about marrying Elizabeth and he may have found someone else
What happens to Victor after he sees Henry's dead body?
He falls into a long, feverish illness.
Who kills the creature/monster?
No one. Walton finds the creature/monster grieving over Victor's corpse. With his creator dead, the monster's revenge is complete, though unsatisfying. He exists the ship and plans to kill himself.
When Victor first gets sick, what does he ask Robert Walton to do for him?
Find and kill the creature/monster for him. When Victor is close to death however, he changes his mind and begs Walton to find joy and live a happy life with his loved ones.
What does Robert Walton do after Victor dies on his ship?
Walton heads back home to England
All the following are characteristics of an epic, such as "Paradise Lost," EXCEPT _____.
A. Long narrative poem
B. Written in rhyming couplets
C. Serious and profound theme
D. Dignified Style
A reference to a well-known figure from the Bible, Greek Mythology, or a famous literary figure is called a literary ________.
Robert Walton's voyage and letters to his sister are an example of a ________ story/narrative that sets the stage for another story.
frame story/narrative (a story within a story)