a fine-grained unstratified accumulation of clay and silt deposited by the wind
animal bones carved with written characters which were used for telling the future
mandate of heaven
a political theory of ancient China in which those in power were given the right to rule from a divine source
an important political theory in Chinese history. According to this theory, every dynasty goes through a dynastic cycle.
the social system that developed in Europe in the 8th century; vassals were protected by lords who they had to serve in war
Chinese philosopher whose ideas and sayings were collected after his death and became the basis of a philosophical doctrine known a Confucianism
In Confucian ideals, filial piety is one of the virtues to be held above all else
religion adhering to the teaching of Lao-tzu
In Chinese history, Legalism was one of the four main philosophic schools during the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period
Non elective govemental official
yin & yang
in Chinese philosophy, the two opposing forces in the universe. Both are equal and necessary for harmony.
Qin: the Chinese dynasty (from 246 BC to 206 BC) that established the first centralized imperial government and built much of the Great Wall
Qin Shi Huang (259 BCE - 210 BCE), Wood, Frances. (2008). China's First Emperor
political system governed by a single individual
usually hired on the basis of competitive examinations
a market in which there are many buyers but only one seller
the state of being assimilated;
A government which controls all aspects of society from a central location or through a central system
The Han Dynasty (; 202 BCE-220 CE) was the second imperial dynasty of China, preceded by the Qin Dynasty (221-206 BCE) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms (220-265 CE).