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Buccal cavity

also known as the oral cavity

Chyme

a liquid like mixture of partially digested food and digestive secretions in the stomach

Defecation

the act of expelling feces from the body

Digestion

the process of altering the chemical and physical composition of food

Duodenum

the first portion of the intestines

Esophagus

receives the food from the pharynx and propels it on to the stomach

Gallbladder

a pear shaped organ located on the underside of the liver, which is responsible for the concetration and storage of bile produced by the liver

Hard palate

it forms the anterior upper roof of the mouth and is supported by bone

Hepatocytes

also known as liver cells

Ileum

the third portion of the intestines

Jejunum

the second portion of the intestines

Liver

the largest gland in the body, located under the diaphragm slightly to the right that produces bile

Mastication

the process of chewing

Pancreas

an elongated organ located in the upper left quadrant of the abdomen, behind the stomach, it functions both as an endocrine and exocrine gland

Rugae

fold or ridges

Pyloric sphineter

regulates the passage of food from the stomach into the duodenum

Salivary glands

parotoids, submandibulars, and sublinguals

Stomach

contains hydrochlorie acid and enzymes. This organ is lined with a protected mucous membrane churning food, aiding in digestion

Soft palate

it forms the posterior portion of the upper roof of the mouth and is composed of skeletal muscle and connective tissue

Uvula

a cone shaped projection that helps produce sound and speech

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