Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Intro to Eastern Religious Traditions

Karma

-Both
-Hinduism: To do, system of cause and effect, ritualized action
-Buddhism: Action, system of cause and effect, universal law

Samsara

-Both
-Buddhism: Existence, no direction, circular, suffering

Nirvana

-Buddhism
-Cessation of suffering, realizing the nature of existence

Veda

-Hinduism
-Knowledge
-Timeless, not of human authorship, contains all knowledge
-Orally transmitted

Agni

-Hinduism
-Personification and deification of fire
-Priest of the gods, Gods of the priests
-Second only to Indra
-Three forms: Terrestrial=fire; Atmospheric=lightening; Celestial=sun

Indra

-Hinduism
-Warrior and king
-Most prominent of the Hindu gods

Soma

-Hinduism
-Third most prominent Hindu god
-Refers to the plant, juice extracted from the plant, and the deification of both

Varna

-Hinduism
-Caste
-4 hereditary status groups: Brahmins (priests), Kshatriyas (warriors), Vaishyas (farmers/merchants), Sudras (artisans/servants)
-There is also the Dalit (untouchables)

Dharma

-Both
-Hinduism: supports and holds the world together, universal law, relative to status
-Buddhism: universal

Trimurti

-Hinduism
-Three forms
-Bhramna=creator; Vishnu=preserver; Shiva=destroyer

Kali

-Hinduism
-Representation of the goddess
-Fierce and bloodthirsty
-Consort of Shiva

Sarasvati

-Hinduism
-Representation of the goddess
-Goddess of learning and music
-Consort of Brahma

Ganesha

-Hinduism
-Son of Shiva and Parvati
-Immaculate conception, elephant head
-Childish and playful
-Invoked to remove obstacles and hindrances

Bhakti

-Hinduism
-Devotion to a particular god
-Grace

Dukkha

-Buddhism
-Suffering
-Related to the First Noble Truth

Yoga

-Hinduism
-Path to realize Samkhya's dualism
-Withdrawal from matter into consciousness

Holi

-Hinduism
-Festival making the end of winter
-Celebrates the burning/defeat of Holika

Buddha

-Buddhism
-One who has awakened

Bodhisattva

-Buddhism
-Achieves Nirvana in order to help the world

Sutra

-Buddhism
-Discourses of the Buddha

Sangha

-Buddism
-Monastic community
-One of the Three Jewels

Sukhavati

-Buddhism
-Founder of Pure Land Buddhism

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set