Year the Africans and Europeans began interacting with each other
First nation to set up outposts in Africa, looking for gold
held control in Eastern Africa whom the Portugeuse battled
Word that slaves come from; ethnic Russians who were unpaid laborers
Muskets, tools, cloth
Things Europeans had to trade
First group to "need slaves" for their american colonies
African leader who resisted the overtaking of his kingdom, used his portugeuse connections
11 Million slaves
How many slaves were in the new world after slavery was abolished
Oyo, Bornu,Dahomey, Asante,
new kingdoms that sprung up from the rubble..
founder of the Asante kingdom
exclusive control or possession of something, a particular industry
year the Dutch founded Capetown
dutch calvinist farmers who believed they were better than africans
a clash, in which Shaka, the leader of the Zulus fought courageously for ten years
1700's and 1800's- Islam
upstart of Islam in West Africa, was a positive thing for the area, increased literacy, etc..
year Cape Colony passes from Dutch possesion to the British
Schools and clinics
places in which christianity was spread throughout Africa
the view foreign missionaries took to the native africans- they needed to be converted and "civilized"
Dr. David Livingstone
explorer from Britain who spent over 30 years in Africa observing local customs and culture. He tried to really absorb himself in local folly, etc.. thought christianity and trade could end slavery
Name the 5 economic stimulants for imperialism
1- natural resources 2- expanding markets 3- invest profits 4-outlet for growing populations 5-strengthed economies by industrial revolution
the 5 military causes for imperialism
1- bases needed for military vessels, nationalism, national security, prestige, strong governments
social causes of imperialism
spreading christianity, spreading western civilization, belief in European racial superiority, social darwinism
technology causes of imperialism
advances in communication, medical advances, weaponry and overseas travel advancing
indirect control of colonies
local government officials were used; european government style; an effort to "develop" future leaders
direct control of colonies
foreign officials were ruling- assimilating and acculturating were the goals here
Berlin Conference of 1884
partitioning of Africa happened here- free trade of congo and niger rivers
Biggest land owners in Africa
France and Britian
area conquered by Britian
South Africa had...
controled by tyrannical King Leopold
ruler of Ethiopia, did a fabulous job in resisting Italians
joint effort by French and Egyptians, soon Egyptians sold their shares to British because they were in debt
in Belgian congo
Rubber was found....
who won the Boer war...
a new breed of Africans sprung up who were proud of their heritage
Where Africans were forced to work
European factories and mines
illegally settling on lands owned by the Europeans
Taxing, ID cards, restricting travel
other injustices imposed upon the Africans by the white settlers
Cash crops caused
famine because farmers were forced to grow these instead of food to feed themselves
Labor unions, legal or illegal...?
revolt of Ibo women from Nigeria who wanted their political and economic freedom back- they got violent
years when racial segregation really began to revv up in South Africa
Apartheid becomes law in South Africa
founding of African National congress; worked through legal means
1920's- Pan Africanism
a movement that sprung up celebrating African heritage no matter where one lived on the globe- embracing themselves
W.E.B. DuBois- 1919
organized a Pan-African congress in Paris where peace papers were being signed after WWI. Lobbying foreign peacemakers= fail
started by french speakers in West Africa and the caribbean, spread worldwide, real embracing of culture,etc..
a political party that sprung up in Egypt that opposed colonialism and found great support among native egyptians
year Britian declared Egypt independent
Pan- African flag
red=blood, black= skin, green=land
The Muslim Brotherhood was founded this year. It rejected western culture, religion, African purists...