Historians' term for the late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century wave of conquests by European powers, the United States, and Japan, which were followed by the development and exploitation of the newly conquered territories. (p. 726)
After the French received Morocco, Germany demanded an international conference- German bullying forced England and France closer. Germany gained nothing.
Attack plan by Germans, proposed by Schliffen, lightning quick attack against France. Proposed to go through Belgium then attack France, Belgium resisted, other countries took up their aid, long fight, used trench warfare.
Alliance between Germany, Italy, Austria Hungry
An alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia in the years before WWI.
A poorly planned and badly executed Allied campaign to capture the Turkish peninsula of Gallipoli during 1915 in World War I. Intended to open up a sea lane to the Russians through the Black Sea, the attempt failed with more than 50 percent casualties on both sides.
Germans had taken over the River and pushed back Britain and France in a series of attacks; Battle near paris that ended Germany's hope of swift victory, the first battle of WWI happened where the French and British stopped the Germans and the Schlieffen Plan.
a friendly understanding between political powers
Congress of Berlin
(1878) Assembly of representatives from Germany, Russia, Hungary, Britain, France, Italy, and the Ottoman Empire. Meeting was to reorganize the countries of the Balkans - led to greater nationalism.
Location where the Archduke Francis Ferdinand, the heir to the throne of the Austrian Empire was assassinated
The traditional British policy of thinking of Britain as separate from the rest of Europe. It turned into insecurity when the European political atmosphere became menacing, esp. when Kaiser Wilhelm II was about to challenge British naval supremacy.
Treaty making peace btwn Germany and Russia
American boat that was sunk by the German U-boats; made America consider entering WWI
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
Economic Consequences of the Peace
Written by Keynes, this work illustrated the overall British opinion that Germany should be resuscitated economically for the British economy to flourish. It was against France's harsh reparations