5 Types of Law in the US Legal System Notes

Created by Runnercam 

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Criminal Law

cases in which people are accused of committing crimes that harm other people or property

Examples of Criminal Law

murder, larceny, rape, assault, DWI

Civil Law

disputes between people or groups, including disputes between governments and citizens

Examples of Civil Law

contract disputes, divorce, child custody, property disputes, copyright laws

Constitutional Law

if a person sues over excessive bail (8th amendment issue)

Administrative Law

cases involve law, rules and regulations that the executive branch and its agencies have implemented

Examples of Administrative Law

FAA (executive agency) might issue an executive order that the airlines believe are unfair

International Law

cases involving any law that affects the United States and any foreign nation, including laws that involve treaties, trade agreements, etc

Example of International Law

if American fisherman were not allowed to fish in waters in which trade agreements are met with another country

Actual Damages

actual amount of money being asked for by the plaintiff, to repair or replace actual proven damages or costs caused by the action

Punitive Damages

money awarded to the plaintiff or punishment for the defendant for their action or damage, usually more valuable than actual damages

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