act of changing from a war basis to a peace basis including disbanding or discharging troops
GI Bill of Rights
Law Passed in 1944 to help returning veterans buy homes and pay for higher education
the rapid population increase that took place bewteen 1945 and 1960
(economics) the ratio of the quantity and quality of units produced to the labor per unit of time
Regulated Unions, outlawed all union shops, made unions liable for damages, forced union leaders to take a non communist oath.
Truman's extension of the New Deal that increased min wage, expanded Social Security, and constructed low-income housing
Interstate Highway Act
1956 Eisenhower 20 yr plan to build 41,000 mi of highway, largest public works project in history
states in the south and southwest that have a warm climate and tend to be politically conservative
businesses that provide services rather than manufactured goods
businesses that provide informational services. In this industry one example are those who built or operated the first computers.
allows a company to distribute its products or services through retail outlets owned by independent operators.
An organization that manufactures and markets products in many different countries and has multinational stock ownership and multinational management
First successful labor union organization in the United States
California Master Plan
called for three tiers of higher education: research universities, state colleges, and community colleges, all of which were to be accessible to all of the state's citizens.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeaka
unanimous supreme court decision that said the segregation of school is unconstitutional
a movement advocating greater protection of the interests of consumers
Median Family Income
measure of average family income. One reason Americans spent more was that they had more money to spend. During the 1950s, income rose from $3,319 to $5,417.
a family consisting of parents and their children and grandparents of a marital partner
United States pediatrician whose many books on child care influenced the upbringing of children around the world (1903-1998)
an acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord
United States virologist who developed the Salk vaccine that is injected against poliomyelitis (born 1914)
United States microbiologist (born in Poland) who developed the Sabin vaccine that is taken orally against poliomyelitis (born 1906)
music that grew out of rhythm and blues and that became popular in the 1950s
United States rock singer whose many hit records and flamboyant style greatly influenced American popular music (1935-1977)
1921-2006. American feminist, activist and writer. Best known for starting the "Second Wave" of feminism through the writing of her book "The Feminine Mystique".
a United States youth subculture of the 1950s that rebelled against the mundane horrors of middle class life.
The Other America
1964 book stating that 1/5 the population was living below poverty line
the older and more populated and (usually) poorer central section of a city
the clearing and rebuilding and redevelopment of urban slums
a Mexican laborer who worked in the United States on farms and railroads in order to ease labor shortages during World War II
1953 gov eliminated economic support for native americans, stopped reservation system, redistributed tribal support