Male Reproductive System and Terms -55

55 terms by Vern1960

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Male Reproductive Systems and terms- 55 Fun!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Primary sex organs

two testes

Gonad

seed, can be the testis or ovary

Secondary sex organs

penis, scrotum, system of ducts including epididymis, ductus (vas) deferens, urethra

Accessory Glands

prostate, seminal vesicles, bulbourethral glands

Genit-

primary male or female sex organs

-alia

pertaining to; condition

genitalia

external and internal organs of reproduction

perineum

diamond-shaped region between thighs from the coccyx to the pubis, includes penis, scrotum, testes, anus

scrotum

sac containing testes

testes

testicles

penis

tail, conveys urine and semen to the outside

varico-

varicosity; vein which the scrotum is attached to.

-cele

swelling

hypro-

water

spermato-

sperm

crypt-

hidden

-orch-

testicle

orchitis

inflammation of the testicles

testicular cancer

usually develops in male under 40 years of age

epididymis

tube that arises from the testes

cryptorchism*

failure of one or both testes to descend into the scrotum

sperm

seed; mature male sex cell (spermatozoa = plural form)

spermatogenesis

process by which male germ cells differentiate into sperm

spermicide

agent that destroys sperm

androgen

hormone that promotes masculine characteristics

testosterone

powerful androgen produced by testes

semen

penile ejaculate containing sperm and seminal fluid

seminiferous

semen; to bear, carry; pertaining to = pertaining to carrying semen

epididymoorchitis

inflammation of the epididymis and testicle

ejaculate

to expel suddenly OR the semen expelled in ejaculation

motile

capable of spontaneous movement

prostate

glad located immediately below the bladder and surrounds the beginning of the urethra

PSA

(Prostate-Specific Enzyme) = screening test for prostate cancer

benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH*

non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate

BEP

Benign Enlargement of the Prostate

Digital Rectal Examination DRE

an examination used to detect enlargement of the prostate

Transurethral resection of the prostate TURP

a surgical treatment for Benign prostatic hyperplasia

hyperplasia

increase in NUMBER of the cells in a tissue or organ

hypertrophy

increase in SIZE of the cells in a tissue or organ

vasectomy

excision or a segment of the vas deferens

vasovasostomy

reanastomosis of the ductus deferens to restore the flow of sperm

glans

head of penis or clitoris

prepuce(foreskin)

fold of skin that covers the glans penis

circumcision

removal of the foreskin

priapism

persistent, painful erection (ex: drugs, blood clots)

cancer

occurs most commonly on the glans; it is rare in men who have had circumcision

sexually transmitted diseases

can cause lesions on the penis

Erectile dysfunction

inability to have a satisfactory erection

erection

distended and rigid state of an organ

epispadias

condition in which the urethral opening is on the dorsum (top, side, or the length) of the penis

hypospadias

urethral opening is on the under-surface of the penis instead of at the head of the glans

SET

Self Exam of Testes

balanitis

glens penis/inflammation = inflammation of the glans and prepuce of the penis

phimosis

muzzle/condition = a condititon where the prepuce can not be retracted

paraphimosis

abnormal;muzzle; condition = condition in which a retracted foreskin cannot be pulled forward to cover the glans

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