Africa: Current Issues and the Colonial Past

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Vocabulary for Africa: Current Issues and Colonial Past Test

white man's burden

idea that many European countries had a duty to spread their religion and culture to those less civilized

abolition movement

early 1800s a growing number of Americans opposed slavery began to speak out, became known as abolitionists, it was a great reform movement that they led

African Diaspora

The separation of Africans from their homeland through centuries of forced removal to serve as slaves in the Americas and elsewhere.

African Nationalism

Believing that africa should be united to be able to push out the Europeans

African Slave Trade

African peoples captured and taken as slaves to South America (sugar cane plantations) and North America (cotton plantations). Killed millions of Africans. Caused Racism.

African Socialism

Government owns and operates major businesses and controls other parts of the economy

Apartheid

a social policy or racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against non-whites

Berlin Conference

A meeting at which representatives of European nations agreed on rules for the colonization and borders of Africa.

Boer War

The Boers were a group of Dutch people that settled in what is today Cape Town. They looked at local people as inferiors and treated them as slaves. The British defeated them in the early 1800s then they set up two independent states in the 1850s in lands that were conquered by the Zulus so war was created between them that lasted for decades. Finally the British defeated them.

boycott

a group's refusal to have commercial dealings with some organization in protest against its policies

cash crops

crops, such as tobacco, sugar, and cotton, raised in large quantities in order to be sold for profit

cecil rhodes

Born in 1853, played a major political and economic role in colonial South Africa. He was a financier, statesman, and empire builder with a philosophy of mystical imperialism.

debt

an obligation to pay or do something

dependency

a geographical area politically controlled by a distant country

desertification

the gradual transformation of habitable land into desert

direct rule

Colonial power controlled the government at every level. Appointed colonial governor to be village leader. Practiced by France, Portugal, Germany and Belgium.

drought

a temporary shortage of rainfall

façade

the face or front of a building

famine

a severe shortage of food (as through crop failure) resulting in violent hunger and starvation and death

God, Gold, Glory

three reasons that motivated europe to seek new trade routes to asia

HIV/AIDS

Virus that destroys the immune system that should protect the body from diseases. The disease is passed from person to person through sexual acts, blood transfusions, used hypodermic needles, or from mother to child during birth.

Indirect rule

Only used by Britain. The British made decisions and expected local rulers to enforce them.

Jomo Kenyatta

A nationalist leader who fought to end oppressive laws against Africans; later became the first Prime Minister of Kenya

Julius Nyere

First Tanzanian President, was a Socialist who set up a socialist system in Tanzania in the 1970s. Ruled a one party strict government with control of economy. Wanted to end foreign influence

Kwame Nkrumah

founder of Ghana's independence movement and Ghana's first priesident

Leopold Sedar Senghor

(1906 - 2001) One of the post-World War I writers of the negritude literary movement that urged pride in African values; president of Senegal from 1960 to 1980.

Mau Mau

a violent movement against European settlers that eventually led to Kenya's decolonization from Britain

military rule

Rule by one or more military officials, often brought to power through a coup d'état.

missionaries

people who work to spread their religious beliefs and values, during the colonial age it was to the local tribes.

money economy

an economic system based on money rather than barter

multi-national corporations

Companies that have centers of operation in many countries.

Nelson Mandela

South African statesman who was released from prison to become the nation's first democratically elected president in 1994 (born in 1918)

One-party rule

Single party monopolizes politics in the control of government.

Pan-Africanism

emphasized the unity of Africans and people of African descent around the world

subsistence farming

farming that provides for the basic needs of the farmer without surpluses for marketing

Swahili

a Bantu language with Arabic words spoken along the East African coast

urbanization

the social process whereby cities grow and societies become more urban

W.E.B. Du Bois

fought for African American rights. Helped to found Niagra Movement in 1905 to fight for and establish equal rights. This movement later led to the establishment of the NAACP

Shaka

King of Zulu nation. introduced new methods and techniques of fighting and reorganized the Zulu army.

elite

a group or class of persons enjoying superior intellectual or social or economic status

westernization w/out modernization

Europeans gave the Africans tools like weapons and technology but they never taught them how to make them or build them.

armed conflict

Rebel groups against political parties and also conflicts between ethnic tribes

negritude movement

movement thay encouraged Africans to value their heritage and it strengthen Pan - Africanism

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