3 BRANCHES OF GOV. VOCAB

25 terms by lisalauck 

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ORIGINAL JURISDICTION

the power of a court to hear a case first, before any other court

EXCLUSIVE JURISDICTION

power of the federal courts alone to hear certain cases

CONCURRENT JURISDICTION

authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decide cases

DEFENDANT

the party/person against whom a civil or criminal suit is brought in court

PLAINTIFF

the party/person that brings the charges against the accused

DOCKET

A court's list of cases to be heard

SESSION

period of time during which, each year, Congress assembles and conducts business

RECESS

In the practice of courts, a brief interval during which all business is suspended without an adjournment; usually time taken to review and study the court case.

WRIT OF CERTIORARI

Order by the Supreme Court directing a lower court to send up the records of a case for review

EXECUTIVE ORDER

a rule issued by the president that has the force of law

TREATY

a formal agreement between two or more nations

VETO

Chief executive's power to reject a bill passed by a legislature

CABINET

persons appointed by the President to head executive departments of government and act as official advisers

EXECUTIVE AGREEMENT

A formal agreement between the U.S. president and the leaders of other nations that does not require Senate approval. Not binding from president to president.

REPRIEVE

a formal postponement of the execution of a sentence imposed by a court of law

PARDON

release from the punishment or legal consequences of a crime, by the President (in a federal case) or a governor (in a state case)

WHIP

A senator or representative who helps the party leader stay informed about what party members are thinking, rounds up members when important votes are to be taken, and attempts to keep a nose count on how the voting on controversial issues is likely to go.

APPORTIONMENT

Distribution of representatives among the states based on the population of each state

CENSUS

official count of population (every 10yrs)

FILIBUSTER

a tactic for defeating a bill in the Senate by talking until the bill's sponsor withdraws it. "Talking a bill to death."

CONSTITUENTS

the people who are represented by elected officials; voters.

STANDING COMMITTEE

a permanent committee in Congress that oversees bills that deal with certain kinds of issues

JOINT COMMITTEE

a committee with members from both the Senate and the House of Representatives who join together and meet to discuss issues

SELECT COMMITTEE

A temporary committee formed to study one specific issue and report its findings to the Senate of the House

BICAMERAL

a legislature consisting of two parts, or houses

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