World Literature 10-- Semester 2 Vocabulary

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stilted

(adj) stiffly formal, pompus

cinture

(v) a surrounding border, something going around an object

profligate

(adj) wasteful, reckless

blithe

(adj) joyous, gay, merry

cascaded

(v) rushed, hurried

trenchant

(adj) cutting, incisive, having a sharp point

debacle

(n) a collapse, sudden breakdown, rout

recalcitrant

(adj) showing stubborn opposition, unruly

exigency

(n) an emergency

vociferous

(adj) crying out noisily, clamorous

salient

(adj) prominent, conspicuous, noticeable, outstanding

dearth

(n) lack of, scarcity

tawdry

(adj) cheap, shoddy

calumny

(n) false charge, aspersion, what is spoken against one's reputation

titular

(adj) in name only, having the title only

metaphysical

(adj) abstract, subtle, far-fetched

ghoul

(n) a person who robs graves

mercenary

(n/adj) acting merely for pay, one who is hired

bourgeois

(adj) belonging to the middle rank of society

protocol

(n) ceremonial form, established courtesy

beneficence

(n) a kind deed

diurnal

(n) daily occurrence

pedagogue

(n) teacher, schoolmaster

writhe

(v) to squirm, to twist and turn

teem

(v) to overflow, abound, swarm

turpitude

(n) guilt, baseness, depravity

recreant

(adj/n) unfaithful, disloyal, cowardly

indomitable

(adj) cannot be overcome, invincible

capricious

(adj) subject to illogical change

effigy

(n) image, one who is hated or disliked

latent

(adj) hidden, not visible

inundated

(adj) flooded, overflowed

rectitude

(n) rightness, correctness of judgement

recluse

(n) hermit, a person who lives shut off form others

enigmatic

(adj) puzzling, like a riddle

prognosticate

(v) to predict, to tell

reciprocal

(adj/n) mutual, affecting both parties

shibboleth

(n) criterion, test

contumacy

(n) defiance of authority, disobedience

ablution

(n) washing or clensing

vapid

(adj) empty, insipid, spiritless

volatile

(adj) lighthearted, changeable

sanguine

(adj) warm, cheerful, hopeful

raconteur

(n) one who tells stories well

sequester

(v) to seize, to isolate oneself

amelioration

(n) improvement, change for better

corpulent

(adj) bulky, fleshy, fat

promulgated

(v) set-forth, made known by open declaration

esoteric

(adj) understood by the specially initiated

travesty

(n) ridiculous imitation, burlesque

gainsay

(v) deny, contradict

avid

(adj) keen, greedy, eager

deciduous

(adj) falling off at maturity, shedding

absolution

(n) forgiveness, releasing from sin

palliate

(v) to ease, reduce, soften

ephemeral

(adj) transient, lasting a short time

heterogeneous

(adj) unlike, different

raillery

(n) mild ridicule, bantering tinged with satire

welter

(n/v) a tossing and tumbling, to toss and tumble

germane

(adj) appropriate, relevant

ostentatious

(adj) showy, pretentious

indigenous

(adj) native to, produced naturally

banal

(adj) lacking freshness or vigor, commonplace

natatorium

(n) swimming pool

auspicious

(adj) favorable, of good omen

niggardly

(adj/adv) stingy, not generous

vitriolic

(adj) caustic, bitter, cutting

impetus

(n) force of a moving body

expunged

(v/adj) erased, wiped out

imbroglio

(n) serious misunderstanding, a complicating and embarrassing state

moribund

(adj) in a dying state, near death

presages

(v) knows beforehand, predicts

evanescent

(adj) dissipated, lack of vapor, given off, not long lasting

deprecatory

(adj) apologetic, disapproving

incontrovertible

(adj) cannot prove wrong, indisputable

circumlocution

(v) talking all around the subject

vicissitude

(n) change in fortune

impecunious

(adj) not having money, poor

adjudicated

(adj) tried in a court of law

consanguinity

(n) blood relationship, close relationship

oligarchy

(n) a government by the few, a power invested in a few people

obdurate

(adj) hard, unyielding, stubbornly wicked

culpable

(adj) blameworthy, deserving of blame

badinage

(v/n) a playful bantering

panegyric

(n) a tribute, a speech of praise

malign

(v) to speak evil of, to slander

subsidiary

(adj/n) dependent, acting as a supplement

abnegation

(n) denial, refraining from indulgence, giving up

salubrious

(adj) beneficial, healthful

supercilious

(adj) scornful, lofty with pride

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