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Social Studies

Anarchy

The absence of government; lawlessness; in some cases political disorder.

Authoritarian

A form of government in which those in power hold absolute and unchangeable authority over the people; all dictatorships are authoritarian.

Confederate

the smaller state or local governments have the majority of the power, NOT the central government. Individual states hold more power than the Central government.

Constitutional Government

A government in which the powers of government are limited in practice by a written or unwritten constitution, which they must obey.

Constitutional Monarchy

A monarch that has shared governmental powers with elected legislatures or serves mainly as ceremonial leader of a country.

Democracy or Democratic

A form of government in which the authority rests with the people, either directly or indirectly. This government relies on active citizen participation.

Dictatorship

A form of government in which the leader has absolute power and authority.

Direct Democracy

A type of government in which the people directly vote on laws for themselves it usually moves slower than a representative democracy

Do the citizen participate in Autocratic Model of the government?

Citizen do not participate in running the country because there are no elections or no powerful local governments.

Federal

A form of government in which powers are divided between a central government and several local governments. Power is shared evenly between the central government and local government.

Give Examples of Unitary government.

Many countries used the Unitary model including United Kingdom, France, Jamaica and Columbia.

How long can the Prime Minister stay in power?

The Prime Minister and cabinet members can stay in power as long as they keep the support of the legislative branch.

Monarchy

A form of government in which a ruler such as a king or a queen heads the country.

Oligarchy

A form of government in which small, usually self-appointed elite, holds the power to rule.
Government is lead by small group.

Parliamentary Democracy

A form of government in which that gives governmental authority to a legislature or parliament, which in turn selects the executive from among its own members.

Presidential Democracy

A form of government in which the executive and legislative branches are separate and independent, and equal. Executive branch is headed by the President and legislative Branch is headed by the congress.

Representative Democracy

A type of government in which the people choose representatives to vote and make laws for them.

Unitary

A centralized system in which all powers of government belong to a single central agency. In the Unitary model all the decisions are made in the central government.

What agreement do the states have in Confederate model?

States in Confederate Model agree to work together to form a central government, but each state retains the power to act independently.

What are the advantages of Democracy ?

Regular elections allow citizens to choose their own leaders or become leaders themselves.
Basic rights of citizens are protected by law and can not be taken away by individual leaders.

What are the benefits of Federal Model

Federal Model has a strong Central Government as well as strong local government.

What are the disadvantages of Autocratic Model?

Leaders use force to silence the opposition to the government.

What are the disadvantages of Oligarchy?

Unelected powerful group uses government to help itself and deny power to the citizens.

What does the Central Government decide in Unitary government?

The Central government decides which powers to give to the local government.

What is a example of Autocratic model?

Examples are Government under Adolf Hitler, Joseph Stalin, Fidel Castro, Saddam Hussein

What is a example of Confederate model?

An example is the system under the Articles of confederation.

What is a example of Federal model?

USA, Germany, Canada, Australia

What is a example of Oligarchic model?

Examples are Governments in Latin America in 1900's and Roman empire.

What is a example of Parliamentary Democracy?

UK, Australia, Jamaica, Canada, India

What is a example of Presidential Democracy?

USA, Brazil, Argentina use Presidential Democracy

What is an Autocratic Model?

A single leader holds power and there is no limit on the power of the central government.

What powers does the local government have in Unitary government.

The local government have important powers but they are limited by the central government.

What powers does the President have?

The president is independent from the congress. The President has the power to approve or veto bills and the congress can over ride the veto.
The President remains in power even if his political party does not hold a majority in congress.

Who has the most power in Parliamentary Democracy?

The legislative branch is the most powerful branch and they make and carry out laws.

Who has the power in Confederate Model

Power stays with the local government and central government can only do what the confederation allows.

Who has the power in Federal Model

Central and local government both have powers that are shared and are evenly divided.

Who is a Prime Minister?

The leader of the national government is the Prime Minister who is also a member of the Parliament.

What do the Latin American Caribbean and Canadian government have in common?

One thing all these government have in common is that they have democratic government in which citizen play an important role in selecting national leaders.

What kind of Government does Brazil have?

Brazil has a government which is similar to USA and that is federal system. Because Brazil's citizens elect representatives to act on their behalf, Brazil is a example of representative democracy. Brazilians vote every 4 years for their country's President. Brazilian also vote for members of the national congress.

When are you required by law to vote in Brazil?

Starting at the age of 16 Brazilians are required to vote by law.

What kind of Government does Mexico have?

Brazil has a government which is similar to USA and that is federal system. Mexican citizens are required to vote once they are 18 years old. Mexicans elect their President every 6 years and Mexicans vote for the state government and members of Mexico's two houses of National legislature.

What kind of Government does Jamaica have?

Jamaica is an example of Parliamentary democracy. Jamaica's legislature is Parliament. When Jamaicans turn 18 they may choose to vote from among two political parties. The leading party in the House chooses one of its members to be Jamaica's Prime Minister.

Who is Governor General in Jamaica?

Jamaica is also known as a constitutional monarchy. Jamaica's Prime Minister asks the monarch of England , a king or a queen to choose a Governor General for the island.

What kind of Government does Cuba have?

Cuba has a Autocratic form of government called a dictatorship. Although the citizens must vote in the elections beginning the age sixteen they have very little power in choosing their national leaders. Every 5 years Cubans vote for the 600 members of the house of legislature The national assembly of People's Power.

What are the duties of national assembly of People's Power?

One of the duty is to appoint the Council of state. This council has 32 members and is led by the president. Cubans did not vote for Fidel Castro who became Cuba's president in 1959.

What kind of Government does Canada have?

Canada has a federal system of Government.
Parliament is the legislative branch of the government. Canadian citizens elect representative to the House of Commons. The President chooses people from the ten provinces and three territories to sit in the senate.

What is the voting age in Canada?

The voting age in Canada is 18 and voting is not required by law in Canada.

Why is Canada a Constitutional monarchy?

Canada's government is a constitutional monarchy. the British monarch is the symbolic head of state though he or she has little real power in Canada.

What is the contribution of Britain to Parliamentary system?

Britain has served as a leader when it comes to setting up a democratic government. Many other nations looked to the UK parliamentary model when creating their own newly independent governments.

How is the executive branch in Parliamentary system?

The executive branch is not as independent of the legislative branch. Citizens vote for their leaders.

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